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Aging and Healthcare Costs  

Martin Karlsson, Tor Iversen, and Henning Øien

An open issue in the economics literature is whether healthcare expenditure (HCE) is so concentrated in the last years before death that the age profiles in spending will change when ... More

Anthropometrics: The Intersection of Economics and Human Biology  

John Komlos

Anthropometrics is a research program that explores the extent to which economic processes affect human biological processes using height and weight as markers. This agenda differs from ... More

Creative Destruction, Technology Disruption, and Growth  

Thomas Clarke

The origins of modern technological change provide the context necessary to understand present-day technological transformation, to investigate the impact of the new digital technologies, ... More

Dual Labor Markets Revisited  

Samuel Bentolila, Juan J. Dolado, and Juan F. Jimeno

Online publication date:
Feb 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Labor and Demographic Economics
This article provides an overview of empirical and theoretical research on dual labor markets. It revisits the labor-market effects of dual employment protection legislation as well as the ... More

Economics and Genetics  

Jason M. Fletcher

Online publication date:
Aug 2018
Two interrelated advances in genetics have occurred which have ushered in the growing field of genoeconomics. The first is a rapid expansion of so-called big data featuring genetic ... More

The Economics of Families and Health  

Susan Averett and Jennifer Kohn

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
An individual’s health is produced in large part by family investments that start before birth and continue to the end of life. The health of an individual is intertwined with practically ... More

The Economics of Informal Care  

Courtney Van Houtven, Fiona Carmichael, Josephine Jacobs, and Peter C. Coyte

Online publication date:
May 2019
Across the globe, the most common means of supporting older disabled adults in their homes is through “informal care.” An informal carer is a family member or friend, including children or ... More

Economics of Rural–Urban Migration  

Pei-Ju Liao and Chong Kee Yip

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
In the past century, many developing countries have experienced rapid economic development, which is usually associated with a process of structural transformation and urbanization. ... More

Economic Theory of Criminal Law  

Keith N. Hylton

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
Criminal law consists of substantive and procedural parts. Substantive law is the set of rules defining conduct that violates the law. Procedural criminal law is the set of rules regulating ... More

The Employment Effects of Minimum Wages: Some Questions We Need to Answer  

David Neumark

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Labor and Demographic Economics
The literature on the employment effects of minimum wages is about a century old, and includes hundreds of studies. Yet the debate among researchers about the employment effects of minimum ... More

Evolution of the Family: Theory and Implications for Economics  

Ingela Alger and Donald Cox

Online publication date:
Nov 2019
Which parent can be expected to be more altruistic toward their child, the mother or father? All else equal, can we expect older generation members to be more solicitous of younger family ... More

The Growth of Health Spending in the United States From 1776 to 2026  

Thomas E. Getzen

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
During the 18th and 19th centuries, medical spending in the United States rose slowly, on average about .25% faster than gross domestic product (GDP), and varied widely between rural and ... More

Health and Economic Growth  

David E. Bloom, Michael Kuhn, and Klaus Prettner

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
The strong observable correlation between health and economic growth is crucial for economic development and sustained well-being, but the underlying causality and mechanisms are difficult ... More

Health Economics of the Workplace: Workplace Accidents and Effects of Job Loss and Retirement  

Jan C. van Ours

Online publication date:
May 2019
There are three main topics in research on the effects of work on health. The first topic is workplace accidents where the main issues are reporting behavior and workplace safety ... More

Health Insurance and Labor Supply  

Gregory Colman, Dhaval Dave, and Otto Lenhart

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Health insurance depends on labor market activity more in the U.S. than in any other high-income country. A majority of the population are insured through an employer (known as ... More

Human Capital Inequality: Empirical Evidence  

Brant Abbott and Giovanni Gallipoli

This article focuses on the distribution of human capital and its implications for the accrual of economic resources to individuals and households. Human capital inequality can be thought ... More

The Law and Economics of Employment Discrimination Law  

Joni Hersch and Blair Druhan Bullock

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
The labor market is governed by a panoply of laws, regulating virtually all aspects of the employment relation, including hiring, firing, information exchange, privacy, workplace safety, ... More

Marriage and Labor Market Outcomes  

Terra McKinnish

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Labor and Demographic Economics
Marriage and labor market outcomes are deeply related, particularly for women. A large literature finds that the labor supply decisions of married women respond to their husbands’ ... More

Poverty and Social Policy in the United States  

James P. Ziliak

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
The interaction between poverty and social policy is an issue of longstanding interest in academic and policy circles. There are active debates on how to measure poverty, including where to ... More

A Review of Gender Differences in Negotiation  

Iñigo Hernandez-Arenaz and Nagore Iriberri

Gender differences, both in entering negotiations and when negotiating, have been proved to exist: Men are usually more likely to enter into negotiation than women and when negotiating they ... More

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