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Aging and Healthcare Costs  

Martin Karlsson, Tor Iversen, and Henning Øien

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Economics and Finance. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Age-Period-Cohort Models  

Bent Nielsen

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Economics and Finance. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Antitrust Law as a Problem in Economics  

Chris Sagers

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
“Antitrust” or “competition law,” a set of policies now existing in most market economies, largely consists of two or three specific rules applied in more or less the same way in most ... More

Bayesian Statistical Economic Evaluation Methods for Health Technology Assessment  

Andrea Gabrio, Gianluca Baio, and Andrea Manca

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
The evidence produced by healthcare economic evaluation studies is a key component of any Health Technology Assessment (HTA) process designed to inform resource allocation decisions in a ... More

Bayesian Vector Autoregressions: Applications  

Silvia Miranda-Agrippino and Giovanni Ricco

Bayesian vector autoregressions (BVARs) are standard multivariate autoregressive models routinely used in empirical macroeconomics and finance for structural analysis, forecasting, and ... More

Bayesian Vector Autoregressions: Estimation  

Silvia Miranda-Agrippino and Giovanni Ricco

Vector autoregressions (VARs) are linear multivariate time-series models able to capture the joint dynamics of multiple time series. Bayesian inference treats the VAR parameters as random ... More

Behavioral Experiments in Health Economics  

Matteo M. Galizzi and Daniel Wiesen

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
The state-of-the-art literature at the interface between experimental and behavioral economics and health economics is reviewed by identifying and discussing 10 areas of potential debate ... More

The Biological Foundations of Economic Preferences  

Nikolaus Robalino and Arthur Robson

Modern economic theory rests on the basic assumption that agents’ choices are guided by preferences. The question of where such preferences might have come from has traditionally been ... More

Boom-Bust Capital Flow Cycles  

Graciela Laura Kaminsky

This article examines the new trends in research on capital flows fueled by the 2007–2009 Global Crisis. Previous studies on capital flows focused on current account imbalances and net ... More

The Business Cycle and Health  

Cristina Bellés-Obrero and Judit Vall Castello

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
The impact of macroeconomic fluctuations on health and mortality rates has been a highly studied topic in the field of economics. Many studies, using fixed-effects models, find that ... More

Challenges in Financing Universal Health Coverage in Sub-Saharan Africa  

Diane McIntyre, Amarech G. Obse, Edwine W. Barasa, and John E. Ataguba

Online publication date:
May 2018
Within the context of the Sustainable Development Goals, it is important to critically review research on healthcare financing in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) from the perspective of the ... More

Changes in Hospital Financing and Organization and Their Impact on Hospital Performance  

Jonas Schreyögg

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
Since the 1980s policymakers have identified a wide range of policy interventions to improve hospital performance. Some of these have been initiated at the level of government, whereas ... More

Choice Inconsistencies in the Demand for Private Health Insurance  

Olena Stavrunova

In many countries of the world, consumers choose their health insurance coverage from a large menu of often complex options supplied by private insurance companies. Economic benefits of ... More

Clearinghouses and the Swaps Market: A Decade On  

Yesha Yadav

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
In the wake of the 2008 financial collapse, clearinghouses have emerged as critical players in the implementation of the post-crisis regulatory reform agenda. Recognizing serious ... More

The Cointegrated VAR Methodology  

Katarina Juselius

The cointegrated VAR approach combines differences of variables with cointegration among them and by doing so allows the user to study both long-run and short-run effects in the same ... More

Competition and Quality in Healthcare  

Peter Sivey and Yijuan Chen

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
Quality competition between alternative providers is an increasingly important topic in the health economics literature. This literature includes theoretical and empirical studies that ... More

Considering Health-Systems Constraints in Economic Evaluation in Low- and Middle-Income Settings  

Anna Vassall, Fiammetta Bozzani, and Kara Hanson

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
In order to secure effective service access, coverage, and impact, it is increasingly recognized that the introduction of novel health technologies such as diagnostics, drugs, and vaccines ... More

Contemporary Views on Economics of Patents  

Shubha Ghosh

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
A patent is a legal right to exclude granted by the state to the inventor of a novel and useful invention. Much legal ink has been spilled on the meaning of these terms. “Novel” means that ... More

Contests: Theory and Topics  

Qiang Fu and Zenan Wu

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
Competitive situations resembling contests are ubiquitous in modern economic landscape. In a contest, economic agents expend costly effort to vie for limited prizes, and they are rewarded ... More

Contracts and Working Conditions in Medicine  

Helen Hayes and Matt Sutton

Online publication date:
May 2019
Contracts and working conditions are important influences on the medical workforce that must be carefully constructed and considered by policymakers. Contracts involve an enforceable ... More

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