You are looking at  1-20 of 100 articles

View:

Age-Period-Cohort Models  

Bent Nielsen

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Economics and Finance. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Aging and Health Care Costs  

Martin Karlsson, Tor Iversen, and Henning Øien

An open issue in the economics literature is whether health care expenditure (HCE) is so concentrated in the last years before death that the age profiles in spending will change when ... More

Antitrust Law as a Problem in Economics  

Chris Sagers

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
“Antitrust” or “competition law,” a set of policies now existing in most market economies, largely consists of two or three specific rules applied in more or less the same way in most ... More

Bayesian Vector Autoregressions: Applications  

Silvia Miranda-Agrippino and Giovanni Ricco

Bayesian vector autoregressions (BVARs) are standard multivariate autoregressive models routinely used in empirical macroeconomics and finance for structural analysis, forecasting, and ... More

Bayesian Vector Autoregressions: Estimation  

Silvia Miranda-Agrippino and Giovanni Ricco

Vector autoregressions (VARs) are linear multivariate time-series models able to capture the joint dynamics of multiple time series. Bayesian inference treats the VAR parameters as random ... More

Behavioral Experiments in Health Economics  

Matteo M. Galizzi and Daniel Wiesen

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
The state-of-the-art literature at the interface between experimental and behavioral economics and health economics is reviewed by identifying and discussing 10 areas of potential debate ... More

The Business Cycle and Health  

Cristina Bellés-Obrero and Judit Vall Castello

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
The impact of macroeconomic fluctuations on health and mortality rates has been a highly studied topic in the field of economics. Many studies, using fixed-effects models, find that ... More

Challenges in Financing Universal Health Coverage in Sub-Saharan Africa  

Diane McIntyre, Amarech G. Obse, Edwine W. Barasa, and John E. Ataguba

Online publication date:
May 2018
Within the context of the Sustainable Development Goals, it is important to critically review research on healthcare financing in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) from the perspective of the ... More

Choice Inconsistencies in the Demand for Private Health Insurance  

Olena Stavrunova

In many countries of the world, consumers choose their health insurance coverage from a large menu of often complex options supplied by private insurance companies. Economic benefits of ... More

Clearinghouses and the Swaps Market: A Decade On  

Yesha Yadav

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
In the wake of the 2008 financial collapse, clearinghouses have emerged as critical players in the implementation of the post-crisis regulatory reform agenda. Recognizing serious ... More

The Cointegrated VAR Methodology  

Katarina Juselius

The cointegrated VAR approach combines differences of variables with cointegration among them and by doing so allows the user to study both long-run and short-run effects in the same ... More

Contemporary Views on Economics of Patents  

Shubha Ghosh

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
A patent is a legal right to exclude granted by the state to the inventor of a novel and useful invention. Much legal ink has been spilled on the meaning of these terms. “Novel” means that ... More

Contracts and Working Conditions in Medicine  

Helen Hayes and Matt Sutton

Online publication date:
May 2019
Contracts and working conditions are important influences on the medical workforce that must be carefully constructed and considered by policymakers. Contracts involve an enforceable ... More

Data Revisions and Real-Time Forecasting  

Michael P. Clements and Ana Beatriz Galvão

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
At a given point in time, a forecaster will have access to data on macroeconomic variables that have been subject to different numbers of rounds of revisions, leading to varying degrees of ... More

Econometrics of Stated Preferences  

Denzil G. Fiebig and Hong Il Yoo

Stated preference methods are used to collect individual level data on what respondents say they would do when faced with a hypothetical but realistic situation. The hypothetical nature of ... More

Economic Evaluation of Medical Devices  

Michael Drummond, Rosanna Tarricone, and Aleksandra Torbica

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
There are a number of challenges in the economic evaluation of medical devices (MDs). They are typically less regulated than pharmaceuticals, and the clinical evidence requirements for ... More

Economic Geography and Trade  

Anthony J. Venables

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Economic activity is unevenly distributed across space, both internationally and within countries. What determines this spatial distribution, and how is it shaped by trade? Classical trade ... More

Economics and Family Law  

Antony W. Dnes

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Economists increasingly connect legal changes to behavioral responses that many family law experts fail to see. Incentives matter in families, which respond to changes in legal regulation. ... More

Economics and Genomics  

Jason M. Fletcher

Two interrelated advances in genetics have occurred which have ushered in the growing field of genoeconomics. The first is a rapid expansion of so-called big data featuring genetic ... More

Economics of Agglomeration  

Jacques-François Thisse

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Despite the drop in transport and commuting costs since the mid-19th century, sizable and lasting differences across locations at very different spatial scales remain the most striking ... More

View: