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date: 01 December 2022

Effective Practices for Teaching Writing to Students with Disabilities in the United Stateslocked

Effective Practices for Teaching Writing to Students with Disabilities in the United Stateslocked

  • April CampingApril CampingArizona State University
  •  and Steve GrahamSteve GrahamArizona State University

Summary

Writing is especially challenging for students with disabilities, as 19 out of every 20 of these students experience difficulty learning to write. In order to maximize writing growth, effective instructional practices need to be applied in the general education classroom where many students with special needs are educated. This should minimize special education referrals and maximize the progress of these students as writers. Evidence-based writing practices for the general education classroom include ensuring that students write frequently for varying purposes; creating a pleasant and motivating writing environment; supporting students as they compose; teaching critical skills, processes, and knowledge; and using 21st-century writing tools.

It is also important to be sure that practices specifically effective for enhancing the writing growth of students with special needs are applied in both general and special education settings (where some students with disabilities may receive part or all of their writing instruction). This includes methods for preventing writing disabilities, tailoring instruction to meet individual student needs, addressing roadblocks that can impede writing growth, and using specialized writing technology that allows these students to circumvent one or more of their writing challenges.

Subjects

  • Curriculum and Pedagogy
  • Languages and Literacies

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