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Theories of Complex Systems and Educational Change at Multiple Scales  

Wolff-Michael Roth

Theories of complex systems originated in the natural sciences, where it became necessary to move away from describing systems in simple cause–effect models to using descriptions that take ... More

Theories of Educational Leadership  

Gabriele Lakomski and Colin W. Evers

From its beginnings in the 1940s, leadership research has been conducted as a scientific activity, with the aim of discovering the essence of leadership that, once found, would provide ... More

Theories of Generative Change in Teacher Education  

Arnetha F. Ball

In 1950, Erik Erickson introduced the concept of generativity in psychosocial development when referring to an individual’s desire to produce new knowledge that contributes to the guidance ... More

The Preservation of Museums and Archaeological Sites  

Agisilaos Economou

Online publication date:
Jun 2020
Remarkable natural and cultural resources are factors that contribute to the economic development of an area. These resources attract tourists and contribute to the amount of traffic in an ... More

The Principles, Possibilities and Politics of Community-Based Educational Research  

Lesley Wood

Globally, there is a shift toward embracing educational research with a social justice intent, based on the principles of inclusion, authentic participation, and democratic decision-making. ... More

The Role of Field Dependent/Independent Styles in Learning and Teaching  

Olivia N. Saracho

Online publication date:
Jun 2020
Cognitive style identifies the ways individuals react to different situations. They include stable attitudes, preferences, or habitual strategies that distinguish the individual styles of ... More

The Role of Mentoring in Teacher Education  

Nicole Hayes and Bruce Pridham

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
Mentoring is a positive, supportive facilitation of learning and development between a person with more experience, knowledge, or expertise in a certain field, and a person who is less ... More

The Role of School Administrators in the Induction and Mentoring of Early Career Teachers  

Benjamin Kutsyuruba and Keith D. Walker

Online publication date:
Apr 2020
Teachers’ quality and abilities are the most significant school-based factors contributing to student achievement and educational improvement. Helping new teachers in their transition and ... More

The Status of Teachers  

Linda Hargreaves and Julia Flutter

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
Internationally, the status of teachers is fraught with ambiguity, contradiction, and complexity. Status, simply defined as one’s “standing in society,” has undergone many redefinitions as ... More

The Uses of Qualitative Research Methods in School Counseling  

Dana Griffin

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
School counselors conducting qualitative research is not a novel idea. Indeed, school counselors are required to use data to develop and incorporate counseling programs to meet the needs of ... More

The World Bank and Educational Assistance  

D. Brent Edwards Jr. and Inga Storen

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Since the 1950s, the World Bank’s involvement and influence in educational assistance has increased greatly. The World Bank has not only been a key player, but, at times, has been the ... More

Tradition and Change in the Curriculum of a Liberal or General Education  

D. G. Mulcahy

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Education. Please check back later for the full article. The idea ... More

Traditions, Research, and Practice Supporting Academically Productive Classroom Discourse  

Jie Park, Sarah Michaels, Renee Affolter, and Catherine O'Connor

This article focuses on both research and practice relating to academically productive classroom discourse. We seek to “expand the conversation” to include newcomers to the field of ... More

Transformational Leadership and Change in Education  

David Litz and Rida Blaik-Hourani

Transformational leadership is one of the most widely discussed and utilized notions that has risen to the forefront of educational administration. Transformational leadership was initially ... More

Transformation in Higher Education in South Africa Toward the Decolonization of South African Universities  

Ruksana Osman and Felix Maringe

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Higher education in South Africa, as elsewhere in the world, is under pressure to reinvent and transform itself. Traditionally it has enjoyed the financial support of the government and has ... More

Transformative Leadership  

Carolyn M. Shields

Transformative leadership theory (TLT) is distinct from other leadership theories because of its inherently normative and critical approach grounded in the values of equity, inclusion, ... More

Transforming Special Education With an Inclusive, Rights-Based Approach  

JoDell Heroux and Susan Peters

Can inclusion and special education achieve education for all? The answer: It depends. What has been called “special education” began its rounds in schools as early as the late 19th ... More

Transforming Teacher Education in South Africa  

Crain Soudien and Yusuf Sayed

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
After 1994, the South African government put in place an ambitious policy framework to transform the system of teacher education to promote equitable quality education for all. This ... More

Transitions, Justice, and Equity in Education in Finland  

Kristiina Brunila, Elina Ikävalko, Tuuli Kurki, Ameera Masoud, Katariina Mertanen, Anna Mikkola, and Kalle Mäkelä

The ethos of vulnerability plays a central role in shaping cross-sectoral youth transition policies and their implementations. Despite good intentions, the ethos of vulnerability emphasizes ... More

Translanguaging  

Sara Vogel and Ofelia García

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Translanguaging is a theoretical lens that offers a different view of bilingualism and multilingualism. The theory posits that rather than possessing two or more autonomous language ... More

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