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Understanding Adult Pedagogy and Technology Use  

Mary Dereshiwsky

Online publication date:
Apr 2020
Theories exist in number that concern how adults learn. Despite surface differences, these theories also contain common themes relevant to adult learning. They include self-direction, ... More

Understanding Relational and Responsible Leadership for School Leaders  

Brigitte Smit and Mapula Mabusela

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
Relational leadership and responsible leadership are important subjects in the literature, and more attention can be paid to these leadership practices in educational leadership. Most ... More

Universal Design for Learning: Changing the Way We Interact With Diversity  

Suzanne Stolz

Online publication date:
Sep 2020
Universal Design for Learning, widely known as UDL, is a framework for creating flexible curriculum and pedagogy that provides access for all students, giving the opportunity to build from ... More

Urban Charter Schools  

Manya Whitaker

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
Urban charter schools are public schools located in major metropolitan areas with high population densities. The majority of urban charter school students identify as Black or Latinx and ... More

Urban School Reform in the United States  

Craig Peck

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Education and Society
In the United States, policymakers have exhibited a resilient confidence in the idea that reforming urban schools is the essential key to improving the life chances of children, especially ... More

Use of Qualitative Methods in Evaluation Studies  

Namita Ranganathan and Toolika Wadhwa

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Research and Assessment Methods
Evaluation studies typically comprise research endeavors that are undertaken to investigate and gauge the effectiveness of a program, an institution, or individuals working in educational ... More

Using Technology to Prepare 21st Century Educators  

Therese M. Cumming

Online publication date:
Aug 2020
The use of real-time technology has caused the world to “shrink,” with society becoming more global and information- and communication-based. The amount of information that people are ... More

Values-Based Leadership and the Quest for Inclusive Organizational Practices  

Heather Rintoul and Anthony H. Normore

Values-based leadership is, at its core, decisional leadership. Traditionally, educational leadership has tended to fall into a range of rationality dealing with consequences and consensus. ... More

Visual and Screen-Based Research Methodologies  

Cleo Mees and Tom Murray

Online publication date:
May 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Research and Assessment Methods
Visual and screen-based research practices have a long history in social-science, humanities, education, and creative-arts based disciplines as methods of qualitative research. While ... More

Visual Literacy  

Frank Serafini

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Curriculum and Pedagogy
Visual literacy was originally defined as a set of visual competencies or cognitive skills and strategies one needs to make sense of visual images. These visual competencies were seen as ... More

Vygotskian Theory of Development  

Yuriy Karpov

Russian followers of Vygotsky have elaborated his theoretical ideas into an innovative theory of development. In this theory, children’s development is viewed as the outcome of adult ... More

Vygotsky’s Theoretical and Conceptual Contributions to Qualitative Research in Education  

Ana Luiza Bustamante Smolka, Ana Lucia Horta Nogueira, Débora Dainez, and Adriana Lia Friszman de Laplane

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Education and Society
Vygotsky’s approach to human development is profoundly intertwined with his methodological inquiry. This inquiry is related to his persistent quest for framing and understanding the problem ... More

Water Conservation in Schools  

Olga María Bermúdez and Marcela Lombana

Online publication date:
Sep 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Educational Administration and Leadership
Water is indispensable to life because all the functions of living beings rely on its presence: breathing, nutrition, circulation, and reproduction. Water forms part of all living bodies, ... More

Well-Being and the Preparation of Teachers  

Josep Gustems-Carnicer and Caterina Calderon

Modern society has achieved levels of well-being linked to economic prosperity, better and more extended education, and greater life expectancy. For individuals, improvements in well-being ... More

Working Memory: Models and Applications  

Stoo Sepp, Steven J. Howard, Sharon Tindall-Ford, Shirley Agostinho, and Fred Paas

In 1956, Miller first reported on a capacity limitation in the amount of information the human brain can process, which was thought to be seven plus or minus two items. The system of memory ... More

World-Systems Theorizing  

Thomas Griffiths

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Education. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

World Language Education and the Pedagogical Imperative  

James P. Lantolf

Online publication date:
Apr 2020
L. S. Vygotsky proposed that human consciousness entails the dialectical interaction between memory, attention, perception, emotion and motivation, imagination, and rational thought, ... More

Writing  

Danielle S. McNamara and Laura K. Allen

Writing is a crucial means of communicating with others and thus vital to success and survival in modern society. Writing processes rely on virtually all aspects of cognition (e.g., working ... More

Writing and Managing Multimodal Field Notes  

Fernando Hernández-Hernández and Juana M. Sancho-Gil

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Educational Systems, Education and Society
Researchers from various disciplines collect and generate field notes as a strategy to describe and reflect (through texts, photos, drawings, diagrams, or recordings) the complexity they ... More

Writing Educational Ethnography  

Sara Delamont

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Research and Assessment Methods
Researchers who use qualitative methods, especially ethnography in educational settings, have to make conscious decisions about how to write about their results, their methods, and their ... More

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