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Managing Behavior or Promoting Engagement?  

Jeff Thomas

Classroom behavior management has consistently been recognized as a central issue of importance in staff well-being, student success, and school culture. For decades, theories and models ... More

Market Economy, Social Change, and Education Inequality in China  

Shibao Guo and Yan Guo

China has experienced major shifts from a centrally planned economy to a market economy, from centralization to decentralization, from state ownership to privatization, and from a decisive ... More

Marxism and Educational Theory  

Mike Cole

While Marx and Engels wrote little on education, the educational implications of Marxism are clear. Education both reproduces capitalism and has the potential to undermine it. With respect ... More

Mental Toughness  

Helen St. Clair-Thompson and Sarah Mcgeown

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Education. Please check back later for the full article. Mental ... More

Mindfulness and “Educational New Ageism”  

Marina Schwimmer and Kevin McDonough

Mindfulness meditation is a growing social phenomenon in Western countries and is now also becoming a common part of life in public schools. The concept of mindfulness originated in ... More

Mixed Methods Approaches and Qualitative Methodology for Higher Education Policy Research  

Nidhi S. Sabharwal and C. M. Malish

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Education. Please check back later for the full article. The ... More

Moral and Character Education  

David Ian Walker and Stephen J. Thoma

At core, moral and character education aims to develop the moral person. How this end state develops has been hindered by interest from different theoretical positions, differences between ... More

Multicultural Education in Japan  

Tomoko Tokunaga

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
As Japanese society diversifies with an influx of foreigners, multicultural education has a critical role to play in achieving educational equity and affirming cultural diversity of ... More

Multiliteracies in Malaysia  

Fariza Puteh-Behak, Noor Saazai Mat Saad, and Mohd Muzhafar Idrus

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Globalization and the advent of technology have caused a major shift in work culture and personal lives in the 21st century, and consequently has shifted the emphasis and direction of the ... More

Multimodal Literacy  

Kathy A. Mills and Len Unsworth

Multimodal literacy is a term that originates in social semiotics, and refers to the study of language that combines two or more modes of meaning. The related term, ... More

Music Education Research  

Koji Matsunobu and Liora Bresler

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
From rites of passage to closer community bonding, the practice, enjoyment, exchange, and transmission of music—regardless of the setting—is an integral element of the history of human ... More

Narrative and Curriculum Theorizing  

Petra Munro Hendry

Within contemporary, conventional, interpretive, qualitative paradigms, narrative and curriculum theorizing have traditionally been understood as primary constructs through which ... More

Neoliberalism and Education  

Matt Hastings

Neoliberalism is a political project carried out by the capitalist class to consolidate their ability to generate profits by exercising influence in political processes, such as elections, ... More

Network Ethnography as an Approach for the Study of New Governance Structures in Education  

Catarina Player-Koro

Online publication date:
May 2019
Network ethnography was first developed for the study of organizations built around digital media, and is an amalgam of different research methods derived from traditional ethnography and ... More

Nonstandardized Englishes in Mainstream Literacy Practice  

Patriann Smith

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
The term Englishes refers to the many different varieties of the English, and represents both standardized and nonstandardized forms. Nonstandardized Englishes is used to refer to ... More

Online Networks in Teacher Education  

Nick Kelly

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Initial teacher education is increasingly happening online, both formally and informally, within networks that are commercial, institutional, governmental, and research-driven. These ... More

Optimism, Pessimism, and Realism in Educational Leadership  

Sefika Mertkan and Ciaran Sugrue

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Education. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Organizational Theory and Culture  

Norazlinda Saad and Paramjit Kaur

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Education. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Parental Involvement in the United States  

Amy Shuffelton

Parental involvement is frequently touted as a key part of any solution to the achievement gap in US schools. Yet the mainstream model of parental involvement has been challenged on the ... More

Paulo Freire  

Peter Roberts

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The work of the Brazilian pedagogue Paulo Freire (1921–1997) has been extraordinarily influential. Freire’s ideas have been taken up not just by educationists, but also by scholars and ... More

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