The Oxford Encyclopedia of School Reform

The Oxford Encyclopedia of School Reform

The Oxford Encyclopedia of School Reform brings together a broad international collection of scholars to provide an analytical overview of the many strands of social science research on school reform. The resulting encyclopedia provides a rich, authoritative view of theory and research practices in this field, and establishes a needed base of fundamental knowledge that will help scholars, researchers, administrators, and policymakers to develop and refine their understanding of the complex task of reforming schools. The Encyclopedia is published in a two-volume print edition, and all articles also appear online as part of the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Education.

Editor in Chief

William Pink, Marquette University (Emeritus)

Associate Editors

Gill Crozier, University of Roehampton

Berit Karseth, University of Oslo

Geetha B. Nambissan, Jawaharlal Nehru University

Disha Nawani, Tata Institute of Social Sciences

Sulochini Pather, Leeds Trinity University

Romualdo Portela de Oliveira, University of São Paulo

Kitty te Riele, University of Tasmania

Xue Lan Rong, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill



“Night Wives” and the Education of Girls with Disabilities in Sierra Leone (Ibrahim Richard Bangura, Janet Njelesani, Donald Njelesani)
21st-Century Skills and Nordic Educational Reforms (Gunn Elisabeth Søreide, Hanne Riese, Line Torbjørnsen Hilt)
Cultural and Linguistic Diversity in School Reform (Martin Scanlan, Francesca López, Maria Baez-Cruz, Tsuru Bailey-Jones)
Data Use in Recent School Reforms (Sølvi Mausethagen, Tine S. Prøitz, Guri Skedsmo)
Ecologically Sustaining Research Partnerships (Melissa M. Jozwiak, Karen L. B. Burgard)
Educational Reforms in Kenya (Martin Mwongela Kavua)
Extremism, Values, and Education in Policy and Practice (Lynn Revell, Sally Elton-Chalcraft)
Gender and School Reform in India (Nandini Manjrekar, Indumathi Sundararaman)
Global School Funding Debates and Reforms (Elisa Di Gregorio, Glenn C. Savage)
Imaginaries of Inclusion in Swedish Education (Gunnlaugur Magnússon, Daniel Pettersson)
Language Policy and Reform in the Indian School System (Rupanjali Karthik, George W. Noblit)
Learning from Alternative Schools to Enhance School Completion (Kitty te Riele, Glenda McGregor, Martin Mills, Aspa Baroutsis, Debra Hayes)
Mathematics and School Reform in India (Farida Abdulla Khan, Charu Gupta)
Positive School Leadership Behaviors (Joseph Murphy, Karen Seashore Louis, Mark Smylie)
Postwar School Reforms in Norway (Harald Thuen, Nina Volckmar)
Preparing the Dutch Educational System for the 21st Century (Klaas van Veen, Jasmijn Bloemert, Fenna Wolthuis)
Private Initiatives in School Reform in India (Disha Nawani, Shinjini Sanyal)
Quality and Evaluation in Finnish Schools (Jaakko Kauko, Janne Varjo, Hannele Pitkänen)
Reimagining Student Leadership Development in Urban Schools (Lawrence Scott, Donna Druery, Ashland Pingue)
Remote and Rural Education in Australia and the Pacific (Stephen Crump, Kylie Twyford, Theresa Koroivulaono)
School Reform in England (Amanda Nuttall, Edward Podesta)
STEM and STEAM Education in Australian K-12 Schooling (Kimberley Pressick-Kilborn, Melissa Silk, Jane Martin)
Success for All (Robert E. Slavin, Nancy A. Madden)
Taking a Wellbeing-Centric Approach to School Reform (Helen Cahill, Babak Dadvand, Annie Gowing)
Urban Charter Schools (Manya Whitaker)
Urban School Reform in the United States (Tiffanie Lewis-Durham, Craig Peck)