Abstract and Keywords
Learning strategies comprise the application of overt and covert metacognitive, cognitive, affective/motivational, social, and behavioral/environmental/management learning tools to enhance the successfulness of surface and deep learning, as well as transfer of learning. The most effective learning strategies for the acquisition and manipulation of information combine the limited use of a behavioristic, teacher-directed transmission approach to teaching with a powerful cognitive and constructivist approach where students take control of their own learning and construct meaning of information.
Keywords: meaningful learning, significant learning, metacognitive learning strategies, cognitive learning strategies, affective/motivational learning strategies, social learning strategies, behavioral/environmental/management learning strategies
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