Welcome to the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science

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Letter from the editor

Lay Expertise, Botanical Science, and Botanic Gardens as “Contact Zones”

"The history of relationships between lay plant expertise and botanical science is a complex matter that encompasses manyfold societal, cultural, political, economic, and environmental issues. Within the scope of the modern botanical garden institution where contemporary scientific botany first developed, this history spans more than five centuries, and it can be investigated from numerous vantage points..." – By Katja Neves

Carbon Taxes

"The principle of anthropogenic climate change is well established, but how does economics conceptualize the problem of climate change and its potential solutions? Economists describe climate change as a negative externality; in fact, the biggest negative externality humanity has experienced, or more broadly, as a failure of the free market to maximize social welfare. ..." – By Jorge H. García and Thomas Sterner

What's New to the OREs

In November 2021, 115 new full articles, 23 revised articles, and 1 new summary article across 22 disciplines have been published on the Oxford Research Encyclopedias platform. Explore the recently published articles now.

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