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The Impacts of Environmental Regulation on the U.S. Economy  

Ann E. Ferris, Richard Garbaccio, Alex Marten, and Ann Wolverton

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Concern regarding the economic impacts of environmental regulations has been part of the public dialogue since the beginning of the U.S. EPA. Even as large improvements in environmental ... More

Input-Output Models Applied to Environmental Analysis  

Joaquim Guilhoto

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Interface Urban Forest Management in an Urbanizing Landscape  

Maria A. Cunha-e-Sá and Sofia F. Franco

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

The Life Satisfaction Approach to Environmental Valuation  

Christopher Fleming and Christopher Ambrey

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
The method and practice of placing monetary values on environmental goods and services for which a conventional market price is otherwise unobservable is one of the most fertile areas of ... More

Macroeconomics and the Environment  

Partha Sen

Online publication date:
Apr 2020
Macroeconomics deals with economics at the aggregate level. This could be at a national level or that of the interaction between nations. Production of output necessarily involves pollution ... More

The Mirage of Supply-Side Development: The Hydraulic Mission and the Politics of Agriculture and Water in the Nile Basin  

Harry Verhoeven

Online publication date:
Dec 2019
In an era of calamitous climate change, entrenched malnutrition, and the chronic exclusion of hundreds of millions of people from access to affordable energy, food, and water, evaluating ... More

National Parks in Developed Countries  

Leslie Richardson and Bruce Peacock

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Economics plays an important role not only in the management of national parks in developed countries, but also in demonstrating the contribution of these areas to societal well-being. The ... More

Payments for Ecosystem Services: Program Design and Participation  

Natasha James and Erin Sills

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
Payments for ecosystem or environmental services (PES) are broadly defined as payments (in kind or in cash) to participants (often landowners) who volunteer to provide the services either ... More

Payments versus Direct Controls for Environmental Externalities in Agriculture  

Alfons Weersink and David Pannell

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
The production of food, fiber, and fuel often results in negative externalities due to impacts on soil, water, air, or habitat. There are two broad ways to incentivize farmers to alter ... More

Sea Level Rise and Coastal Management  

James B. London

Coastal zone management (CZM) has evolved since the enactment of the U.S. Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972, which was the first comprehensive program of its type. The newer iteration of ... More

State of the Art of Contingent Valuation  

Tim Haab, Lynne Lewis, and John Whitehead

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
The contingent valuation method (CVM) is a stated preference approach to the valuation of non-market goods. It has a 50+-year history beginning with a clever suggestion to simply ask people ... More

Temperate Forest Economics  

Roger Sedjo

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
The world’s forest cover is approximately 4 billion hectares (10 billion acres). Of this total, approximately one-half is temperate forests. These range from the subtropics to roughly 65 ... More

The Economics of Marine Reserves  

Venetia Alexa Hargreaves-Allen

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
Marine protected areas (MPAs) remain one of the principal strategies for marine conservation globally. MPAs are highly heterogeneous in terms of physical features such as size and shape, ... More

Use of Property Values and Location Decisions for Environmental Valuation  

Lala Ma

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
The economics literature has developed various methods to recover the values for environmental commodities. Two such methods related to revealed preference are property value hedonic models ... More

Valuation of Mangrove Restoration  

Edward B. Barbier

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Since the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, there has been strong interest globally in restoring mangrove ecosystems and their potential benefits from protecting coastlines and people from ... More

Valuation of Beach Quality  

Ashley Barfield and Craig E. Landry

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
The result of interactive dynamics of the ocean, landforms, and weather patterns, sandy beaches and dunes are a natural feature along many coastlines around the world. Their contributions ... More

Valuation of Biodiversity  

Bartosz Bartkowski

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
Massive population declines and species extinction have characterized the 20th and early 21st centuries. These local and global phenomena do not only involve the loss of particular species, ... More

Valuation of Marine Ecosystems  

Achilleas Vassilopoulos and Phoebe Koundouri

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Water accounts for more than 70% of Earth’s surface, making marine ecosystems the largest and most important ecosystems of the planet. However, the fact that a large part of these ... More

Valuation of Rainforest Preservation in the Amazon  

Jon Strand

Online publication date:
May 2019
Different ecosystem values of the Amazon rainforest are surveyed in economic terms. Spatial rainforest valuation is crucial for good forest management, such as where to put the most effort ... More

Valuation of Wetlands Preservation  

Alexandra Dehnhardt, Kati Häfner, Anna-Marie Blankenbach, and Jürgen Meyerhoff

Online publication date:
Oct 2019
All types of wetlands around the world are heavily threatened. According to the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands, they comprise “areas of marsh, fen, peatland or water, whether natural or ... More