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Soil Resources, the Delivery of Ecosystem Services and Value  

David A. Robinson, Fiona Seaton, Katrina Sharps, Amy Thomas, Francis Parry Roberts, Martine van der Ploeg, Laurence Jones, Jannes Stolte, Maria Puig de la Bellacasa, Paula Harrison, and Bridget Emmett

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Soils provide important functions, which according to the European Commission include: biomass production (e.g., agriculture and forestry); storing, filtering, and transforming nutrients, ... More

Soil Salinization  

Pichu Rengasamy

Salt accumulation in soils, affecting agricultural productivity, environmental health, and the economy of the community, is a global phenomenon since the decline of ancient Mesopotamian ... More

Soil Sediment Loading and Related Environmental Impacts from Farms  

Vito Ferro

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Beyond damage to rainfed agricultural and forestry ecosystems, soil erosion due to water affects surrounding environments. Large amounts of eroded soil are deposited in streams, lakes, and ... More

Soils, Science, Society, and the Environment  

Colin Robins

Soils are the complex, dynamic, spatially diverse, living, and environmentally sensitive foundations of terrestrial ecosystems as well as human civilizations. The modern, environmental ... More

Soil Tilth and Management  

Lars J. Munkholm, Mansonia Pulido-Moncada, and Peter Bilson Obour

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Soil tilth is a dynamic and multifaceted concept that refers to the suitability of a soil for planting and growing crops. A soil with good tilth is “usually loose, friable and well ... More

Subsurface (Tile) Agricultural Drainage  

Gary Sands, Srinivasulu Ale, Laura Christianson, and Nathan Utt

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Agricultural (tile) drainage enables agricultural production on millions of hectares of arable lands worldwide. Lands where drainage or irrigation (and sometimes both) are implemented, ... More

Surface Irrigation  

Luis S. Pereira and José M. Gonçalves

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Surface irrigation is the oldest and most widely used irrigation method, more than 83% of the world’s irrigated area. It comprises traditional systems, developed over millennia, and modern ... More

Sustainable Coffee Production  

Sarada Krishnan

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Coffee is an extremely important agricultural commodity, produced in about 80 tropical countries, with an estimated 125 million people depending on it for their livelihoods in Latin ... More

Terracing: From Agriculture to Multiple Ecosystem Services  

Paolo Socci, Alessandro Errico, Giulio Castelli, Daniele Penna, and Federico Preti

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Agricultural terraces are widely spread all over the world and are among the most evident landscape signatures of the human fingerprint, in many cases dating back to several centuries. ... More

The Qanat System of Iran and the Maghreb  

Ahmad Abbasnejad and Behnam Abbasnejad

Online publication date:
Dec 2019
A qanat is a kind of subterranean horizontal tunnel and usually excavated in soft sediments. It conducts groundwater to the surface at its emerging point. In addition to the tunnel, each ... More

Tomatoes: A Model Crop of Solanaceous Plants  

Raheel Anwar, Tahira Fatima, and Autar Mattoo

Online publication date:
Oct 2019
The modern-day cultivated and highly consumed tomato has come a long way from its ancestor(s), which were in the wild and not palatable. Breeding strategies made the difference in making ... More

Ancient and Traditional Agriculture, Pastoralism, and Agricultural Societies in Sub-Saharan Africa  

Andrew B. Smith

Online publication date:
Oct 2019
African domesticated animals, with the exception of the donkey, all came from the Near East. Some 8,000 years ago cattle, sheep, and goats came south to the Sahara which was much wetter ... More

Vermiculture in Greenhouse Plants, Field Crop Production, and Hydroponics  

Norman Q. Arancon and Zachary Solarte

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Vermiculture is the art, science, and industry of raising earthworms for baits, feeds, and composting of organic wastes. Composting through the action of earthworms and microogranisms is ... More

Well Construction, Cones of Depression, and Groundwater Sharing Approaches  

Fidel Ribera Urenda

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
The importance of groundwater has become particularly evident in the late 20th and early 21st centuries due to its increased use in many human activities. In this time frame, vertical ... More

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