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Valuation of Beach Quality  

Ashley Barfield and Craig E. Landry

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
The result of interactive dynamics of the ocean, landforms, and weather patterns, sandy beaches and dunes are a natural feature along many coastlines around the world. Their contributions ... More

Valuation of Biodiversity  

Bartosz Bartkowski

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
Massive population declines and species extinction have characterized the 20th and early 21st centuries. These local and global phenomena do not only involve the loss of particular ... More

Valuation of Marine Ecosystems  

Achilleas Vassilopoulos and Phoebe Koundouri

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Water accounts for more than 70% of Earth’s surface, making marine ecosystems the largest and most important ecosystems of the planet. However, the fact that a large part of these ... More

Valuation of Rainforest Preservation in the Amazon  

Jon Strand

Online publication date:
May 2019
Different ecosystem values of the Amazon rainforest are surveyed in economic terms. Spatial rainforest valuation is crucial for good forest management, such as where to put the most effort ... More

Valuation of Wetlands Preservation  

Alexandra Dehnhardt, Kati Häfner, Anna-Marie Blankenbach, and Jürgen Meyerhoff

Online publication date:
Oct 2019
All types of wetlands around the world are heavily threatened. According to the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands, they comprise “areas of marsh, fen, peatland or water, whether natural or ... More

Valuing the Benefits of Green Stormwater Infrastructure  

Amy W. Ando and Noelwah R. Netusil

Green stormwater infrastructure (GSI), a decentralized approach for managing stormwater that uses natural systems or engineered systems mimicking the natural environment, is being adopted ... More

Vermiculture in Greenhouse Plants, Field Crop Production, and Hydroponics  

Norman Q. Arancon and Zachary Solarte

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Vermiculture is the art, science, and industry of raising earthworms for baits, feeds, and composting of organic wastes. Composting through the action of earthworms and microogranisms is ... More

Water Footprint  

Maite M. Aldaya, M. Ramón Llamas, and Arjen Y. Hoekstra

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Well Construction, Cones of Depression, and Groundwater Sharing Approaches  

Fidel Ribera Urenda

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
The importance of groundwater has become particularly evident in the late 20th and early 21st centuries due to its increased use in many human activities. In this time frame, vertical ... More

What Is Public and What Is Private in Water Provision: Insights from Progressive Era Cities in the US Northeast  

Gwynneth C. Malin

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

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