Welcome to the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies

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Letter from the editor

Published in partnership with the International Studies Association (ISA)

Oxford University Press has partnered with the ISA on the ORE of International Studies, combining the speed and flexibility of digital with the rigorous standards of academic publishing.

The Irish Border

"The emergence, development, and transformation of the border between Ireland and Northern Ireland reveals much about the changing nature of nation-statehood over the century that followed its creation. In its own way, it is also a subject of innovation. ..." – By Milena Komarova and Katy Hayward

The Pursuit and Use of Biological Weapons by States

"Biological weapons (BW) have been a fixture of warfare throughout history, although states did not have the capability of manufacturing BW arsenals until the 20th century. Few states had strategic objectives for BW production, but the fear of being outmatched by rivals produced arms races beginning in the 1920s. ..." – By David Malet

What's New to the OREs

In October 2021, 71 new full articles and 15 revised articles across 19 disciplines have been published on the Oxford Research Encyclopedias platform. Explore the recently published articles now.

Two More Encyclopedias Available via Subscription and Perpetual Access

On September 29, the Oxford Research Encyclopedias of Anthropology and Planetary Science will be available via subscription and perpetual access. After a successful free period during development, the OREs provide in-depth overviews of the major areas of research and will continue to grow with the field over time. If you're a librarian, explore Subscriber Services to learn how to provide access to the OREs for your institution. If you're not a librarian, you can recommend the OREs to your librarian here.

Why the Oxford Research Encyclopedia?

With today’s overabundance of information, and misinformation, students and researchers alike can be overwhelmed in identifying what’s trustworthy, what’s up-to-date, and what’s accurate..

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Working with international communities of scholars across all fields of study, we are developing new comprehensive collections of in-depth, peer-reviewed summaries on an ever-growing range of topics..

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Recently Published

Browse recently published articles by month, including summaries and previews of forthcoming full-text articles.