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date: 23 February 2024

200 Years of International Relations in Brazil: Issues, Theories, and Methodslocked

200 Years of International Relations in Brazil: Issues, Theories, and Methodslocked

  • Dawisson Belém Lopes, Dawisson Belém LopesFederal University of Minas Gerais
  • João Paulo NicoliniJoão Paulo NicoliniFederal University of Minas Gerais
  •  and Thales CarvalhoThales CarvalhoFederal University of Minas Gerais


The Brazilian field of international relations (IRs) has evolved over the course of two centuries. Since Brazil’s independence in 1822, international topics have deserved attention from local practitioners and scholars. The emergence of Brazilian standpoints about international affairs and of a Brazilian IR scholarship developed after the consolidation of similar fields in other Western countries. Multiple schools of thought held sway over local understandings, thereby leading to the formation of a different field as compared to characteristics of the Anglo-American mainstream. The institutionalization of the area has come about through the creation of scholarly departments and national government agencies. It all led to a unique combination of methods, theories, and issues being currently explored in the Brazilian branch of IR scholarship.


  • Foreign Policy
  • International Relations Theory

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