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Trade: Neoclassical Liberal Views on Impacts  

Jeffrey W. Ladewig

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
International trade is a dynamic and powerful force that affects nearly every individual, business, and nation in the world. Its scope and scale have also made international trade an ... More

Transformations of War: Perspectives from International Political Sociology  

Vivienne Jabri

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
The reality of war has always been connected with political, economic, and social dynamics, as opposed to the notion that it is held within the confines of the battlefield. International ... More

Transnational Actors  

Markus Thiel and Jeffrey Maslanik

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
“Transnational” is a frequently mentioned key word in international relations today; it is used to denote in a simplifying manner an organization working beyond state boundaries and acting ... More

Transnational Communities and Diasporic Politics  

Gallia Lindenstrauss

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Identity
Diasporas are transnational communities that have received significant interest from international relations (IR) scholars. Attempts to conceptualize diaspora as a modern analytical term ... More

Transnational Corporations and the Global Environment  

Matthias Finger and David Svarin

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Environment
Transnational corporations (TNCs) refer to businesses that cross over borders, armed with capital as well as products, processes, marketing methods, trade names, skills, technology, and ... More

Transnational Feminist Activism and Globalizing Women’s Movements  

Melinda Adams and Gwynn Thomas

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Women’s activism has assumed an international dimension beginning in the nineteenth century. Transnational feminism has been shaped by debates over a wide range of issues: how to name and ... More

Transnational Human Rights Networks: Significance and Challenges  

Hans Peter Schmitz

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Human Rights
Transnational human rights networks refer to a form of cross-border collective action that seeks to promote compliance with universally accepted norms. Principled transnational activism ... More

Transnational Social Movements  

Kenneth A. Gould and Tammy L. Lewis

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Transnational social movements are defined as movements wherein members in at least two nations cooperatively engage in efforts to promote or resist change beyond the bounds of their ... More

Treaty Law: New Trends  

Bruce Cronin

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Treaties are agreements between sovereign states, and occasionally between states and international organizations. Treaties can include conventions, covenants, charters, and statutes, all ... More

Trust and International Organization  

Kendall W. Stiles

Print publication date:
Dec 2014
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Organization
Trust is the expectation that one’s interests be looked after despite the possibility of exploitation by the one being trusted (trustee). Trusting always involves some risk on the part of ... More

UN, Gender, and Women  

Soumita Basu

Print publication date:
Dec 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
After the end of World War II, women’s rights advocates at the United Nations vigorously campaigned for equality between the sexes. At the UN Charter Conference held in San Francisco in ... More

The United States and International Environmental Politics  

Paul G. Harris

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Environment
Environmental politics refers to the examination of the environmental stances of both mainstream political parties and environmental social movements. It also includes the analysis of ... More

United States Intelligence Cultures  

Hamilton Bean

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Organizational culture refers to the constellation of values, beliefs, identities, and artifacts that both shape and emerge from the interactions among the formal members of the US ... More

Universals and Particulars in International Relations Theory  

Fiona Robinson and Anupam Pandey

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
One of the most vigorous debates within the discipline of international relations (IR) revolves around the “universal/particular” dichotomy: the tensions between worldviews that emphasize ... More

Using Facebook as an Educational Resource in the Classroom  

Carolyn M. Shaw

Print publication date:
Dec 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Facebook is a social networking site created in 2004 which has since obtained over a billion users, and it has the potential to facilitate learning in the classroom. With the widespread ... More

Using Geography to Rethink the State  

James D. Sidaway and Carl Grundy-Warr

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
The state can be viewed as a form of community. Forms of human community and their attendant territorialities have been characterized by extreme variation, both historically and ... More

Utilitarianism and International Ethics  

Gerard Elfstrom

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Ethics
Utilitarianism is inextricably linked to international ethics. The roots of the principle of utility can be traced to the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, when it was first employed by ... More

Virtue Ethics  

Kirsten Ainley

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Ethics
Virtue Ethics (VE) is a way of thinking about how to behave well which focuses on the character of moral agents and the nature of the good life. This contrasts with dominant approaches to ... More

War, Conflict, and Human Rights  

Chandra Lekha Sriram, Olga Martin-Ortega, and Johanna Herman

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
The relationship between human rights and armed conflict is rooted in historical debates among religious, philosophical, and international legal scholars about the nature of a just war, ... More

Wars for Ethnic or Nationalist Supremacy  

Kristin P. Johnson

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
One of the biggest challenges in studying internal conflict is the fact that internal strife and instability is not the norm. Across diverse groups, societies, and regimes, cooperation ... More

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