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Using Geography to Rethink the State  

James D. Sidaway and Carl Grundy-Warr

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
The state can be viewed as a form of community. Forms of human community and their attendant territorialities have been characterized by extreme variation, both historically and ... More

Utilitarianism and International Ethics  

Gerard Elfstrom

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Utilitarianism is inextricably linked to international ethics. The roots of the principle of utility can be traced to the 18th and 19th centuries, when it was employed by thinkers such as ... More

Virtue Ethics and International Relations  

Kirsten Ainley

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Ethics
Virtue Ethics (VE) is a way of thinking about how to behave well which focuses on the character of moral agents and the nature of the good life. This contrasts with dominant approaches to ... More

War, Conflict, and Human Rights  

Chandra Lekha Sriram, Olga Martin-Ortega, and Johanna Herman

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
The relationship between human rights and armed conflict is rooted in historical debates among religious, philosophical, and international legal scholars about the nature of a just war, ... More

Wars for Ethnic or Nationalist Supremacy  

Kristin P. Johnson

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
One of the biggest challenges in studying internal conflict is the fact that internal strife and instability is not the norm. Across diverse groups, societies, and regimes, cooperation ... More

War Termination  

H.E. Goemans

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
War termination can be defined as the tacit or formal agreement and implementation of decisions to cease fighting on the battlefield. In older literature, scholars focused on the roles of ... More

What is Development?  

Gustavo Esteva

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Development
Development was born as aid, an expression of the modern obsession with “caring” used by disabling professions and the service industry. However, by 1980, it was already clear that there ... More

What is Theory?  

Patrick Thaddeus Jackson

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
The concept of theory takes part in a conceptual network occupied by some of the most common subjects of European Enlightenment, such as “science” and “reason.” Generally speaking, a ... More

Women’s Rights as Human Rights  

Jutta Joachim

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
For centuries, women have been struggling for the recognition of their rights. Women’s rights are still being dismissed by United Nations (UN) human rights bodies and even governments, ... More

Women and Academic Organizations in International Studies  

Karen Erickson and Elisabeth Prügl

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Academic organizations introduce gender, race, nationality, and other signifiers of power into the field of international studies. Research on the status of women in the international ... More

Women and Development  

Valentine M. Moghadam

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Economic development gained prominence as a field of economics after World War II in relation to the prospects of what came to be called underdeveloped, decolonizing, developing, or Third ... More

Women and Publishing in International Studies  

Marijke Breuning

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
A gender disparity in publishing hinders the ability of women to advance their careers in academia. A review of the literature shows that there is little published research on the status ... More

Women as Agents of Violence  

Caron E. Gentry

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
The public/private divide assumes that men are the (public sphere) actors gendered toward the possibility of violent action, specifically as soldiers, combatants, guerrillas, or ... More

Women as Objects and Commodities  

Alina Sajed

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
The engagement between the discipline of international relations (IR) and feminist theory has led to an explosion of concerns about the inherent gendered dimension of a supposedly ... More

Women, Gender, and Contemporary Armed Conflict  

Megan MacKenzie

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
More than twenty years ago, feminist scholars began challenging conventional approaches to the study of war that they accused of being gender blind and excluding women’s involvement and ... More

Women Leaders in National Politics  

Farida Jalalzai

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
In recent years the number of women executives has increased globally, and academic focus on these actors has grown accordingly. While some of the earliest research offered descriptive ... More

Women National Leaders  

Francine D’Amico

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
The number of women in national elective leadership positions has grown since 1960 when the first woman became prime minister. As the number of women in high elective office has grown, ... More

Women's Leadership in International Politics  

Tania Domett

Print publication date:
Jan 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
At the beginning of the twenty-first century, the number of women with leadership positions in national governments increased considerably. In 2006 alone, a woman became the head of ... More

Women Teaching International Studies  

Mary N. Hampton and Kathleen A. Mahoney-Norris

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
One aspect of women’s professional experience in the field of international studies is that of teaching. Women’s experience in the gendered classroom has been shaped by three general ... More

World Society, World-Polity Theory, and International Relations  

John Boli, Selina Gallo-Cruz, and Matt Mathias

Print publication date:
Jan 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
World-polity theory is a widely used sociological perspective for the analysis of world culture, organization, and change. Also known as world-society theory, global neo-institutionalism, ... More

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