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Ethnic Identities and Boundaries: Anthropological, Psychological, and Sociological Approaches  

Landon E. Hancock

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Identity
Ethnicity and identity are largely about boundaries; in fact, there is no way to determine one’s identity—ethnic or otherwise—without reference to some sort of boundary. In approaching the ... More

Ethnicity and Nationalism in Wars of Secession  

Jason Sorens

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Conflict Studies, Identity
For some time, scholars have noticed that ethnic groups that are geographically concentrated or possess a “regional base” tend to become embroiled in anti-state rebellion at a much higher ... More

Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Colonialism  

Mehmet Sinan Birdal

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Identity
International relations theory has much to gain from studying ethnicity, nationalism, and colonialism. Research on nationalism has produced important theoretical contributions to ... More

Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Migration in East Asia  

Eunice Y. Kang, Hyung-Gu Lynn, and Apichai W. Shipper

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Identity
East Asian countries have varying levels of ethnic homogeneity. North and South Korea have long been considered among the most ethnically homogeneous nation-states in the world. In South ... More

Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Migration in Southeast Asia  

David Brown

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Identity
In southeast Asia, ethnic tensions and conflicts stem in large part from economic or power rivalries rather than cultural differences. The political relationships between ethnic identities ... More

Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Migration in Sub-Saharan Africa  

Patrick Ireland

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Identity
Migration has had a strong impact on the interplay between ethnicity and nationalism in Sub-Saharan Africa. Today’s ethnic map of Africa is the outcome of a lengthy history of comings and ... More

Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Migration in the Middle East  

Zeynep Sahin

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Identity
Since the second half of the 1940s, the Middle East has experienced intense migrations. In 2005 alone, the region received a total of approximately 6 million refugees. Migration flows to ... More

Ethnic Lobbying in Foreign Policy  

Patrick J. Haney

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Foreign Policy
Much of the literature on ethnic lobby groups comes from either research on interest groups or ethnicity that looks to foreign policy cases, or foreign policy analysis studies that focus on ... More

The Ethnic, Nationalist, and Religious Roots of Terrorism  

Josephine Squires

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Conflict Studies, Identity
Terrorism has been described variously as a tactic and strategy, a crime and a holy duty, as well as a justified reaction to oppression and an inexcusable abomination. Nationalist terrorism ... More

Ethnoreligious Data Collection  

Jonathan Fox

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Identity, Qualitative Political Methodology
Collecting and examining datasets on ethnicity and religion involves translating and codifying real-world phenomena such as actions taken by governments and other groups into data which can ... More

European Foreign Policy  

Michael E. Smith

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Foreign Policy
As a research field, European foreign policy (EFP) is defined as the study of how certain European states manage their foreign policy responsibilities, whether individually, through ... More

Evolutionary Systems Theory: Concepts and Schools in International Relations  

Joachim K. Rennstich

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
International Relations Theory
As an interdisciplinary approach, evolutionary systems theory borrows from fields such as statistical physics and evolutionary biology, as well as economics and others, to build on their ... More

Evolution of International Organization as Institutional Forms and Historical Processes Since 1945: “Quis Custodiet ipsos custodies?”  

Jacques F. Fomerand

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Organization
An international organization (IO) is an ordering principle and a method of conducting international relations. It may refer to formal institutions set up by more than three sovereign ... More

The Evolution of International Organization as Institutional Forms and Historical Processes to 1945  

Bob Reinalda

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Organization
The evolution of international organizations (IOs) can be divided into three phrases. The first phase started with the Congress of Vienna (1814–15), which set in motion a series of ... More

Expanding Urban Slums  

Michael Humphrey and Shahadat Hossain

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Development
Slums have generated renewed interest among scholars in the wake of rapid urbanization in the South and the growing incidence of urban poverty worldwide. This gave rise to the expression ... More

The Expansion of International Society  

Daniel M. Green

Online publication date:
Dec 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
International Relations Theory
The English School of international relations theory has its own particular account of the history of international relations, a key aspect of which is the expansion of a set of norms, ... More

Experiential Learning and Learning Styles  

Eric Cox

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
International Relations Theory, Pedagogy
The intellectual foundation of modern experiential learning theory owes much of its roots to John Dewey’s educational philosophy. In his seminal 1916 work, Democracy and Education: An ... More

Explaining Why People Move: Intra and Interdisciplinary Debates about the Causes of International Migration  

Deniz Sert

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
International Relations Theory
International migration is widening, deepening, and speeding up as described within a set of theories that have been developed by different disciplines of science. The sociological theories ... More

Failing States and Conflict  

Kimberly Marten

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Conflict Studies
As a response to the new policy problems facing the international community after the end of the Cold War, the security studies literature on weak and failing states and their relationship ... More

Federalism and Regional Autonomy  

Dejan Guzina

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
International Relations Theory
Federalism refers to the compound mode of government, combining a general government (the central or “federal” government) with regional governments (provincial, state, cantonal, ... More

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