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Foreign Policy Decision Making  

James M. Goldgeier

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Decision makers, acting singly or in groups, influence the field of international relations by shaping the interactions among nations. It is therefore important to understand how those ... More

Foreign Policy Decision Making: Evolution, Models, and Methods  

David Brulé and Alex Mintz

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Choices made by individuals, small groups, or coalitions representing nation-states result in policies or strategies with international outcomes. Foreign policy decision-making, an ... More

Forests and Desertification  

Lynn M. Wagner and Deborah Davenport

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Environment
Both desertification and forest policies address environmental issues related to land. However, the types of land covered and the ways the issues associated with that land are ... More

Formal and Informal Institutions and the Regulation of Flows of Money  

Michael J. Lee

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
When academics explore the politics of international monetary regulation, they tend to focus on three more specific policy challenges, each with attendant tradeoffs. Explaining how the ... More

Formal International Institutions and the Regulation of Flows of Goods and Services  

Marc D. Froese

Print publication date:
Dec 2013
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Trade governance rests upon certain economic assumptions and the ensuing political compromises made possible by the growth of an incremental legal consensus. The main economic assumptions ... More

The Formation of Ethnic and National Identities  

Liah Greenfeld and Nicolas Prevelakis

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Identity
Nationalism is the worldview of the modern world. It is based on three fundamental principles: it is secular; it sees the members of the community defined as a nation as fundamentally ... More

From Humanitarian Intervention to the Responsibility to Protect  

Kurt Mills and Cian O’Driscoll

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
In contrast with humanitarian access or the provision of humanitarian assistance, humanitarian intervention is commonly defined as the threat or use of force by a state to prevent or end ... More

Fundamentalism and Globalization  

Robert A. Denemark

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Fundamentalism typically has a religious connotation that indicates unwavering attachment to a set of irreducible beliefs. However, fundamentalism was eventually applied to certain ... More

The Future of Foreign Policy Analysis  

Christopher Hill

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Foreign policy analysis (FPA) occupies a central place in the study of international relations. FPA has produced a substantial amount of scholarship dealing with subjects from the micro ... More

Game Theory and Other Modeling Approaches  

Frank C. Zagare and Branislav L. Slantchev

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Game theory is the science of interactive decision making. It has been used in the field of international relations (IR) for over 50 years. Almost all of the early applications of game ... More

Gender and Global Security  

Valerie Hudson, R. Charli Carpenter, and Mary Caprioli

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
It is not only gender ambiguity that is securitized in the international arena, but femininity as well. Some scholars argue that conflict over what women are and what they should do is ... More

Gender and Governance  

Annica Kronsell

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Gender has been conceptualized in various ways in the mainstream governance literature and critical feminist work. The relationship between the concepts of gender and governance can be ... More

Gender and the Global Political Economy  

Penny Griffin

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Feminist and gendered interventions in the discipline of international political economy (IPE) traces the constitutive and causal role that gender plays in the diverse forms, functions, ... More

Gender and the State  

Natalie Florea Hudson

Print publication date:
Dec 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
One of the main arguments advanced by feminists is that we must move beyond adding women to existing structures and institutions, and focus more on the theoretical, cognitive, and even ... More

Gender, Conflict and Peace-keeping Operations  

Maria Hadjipavlou

Print publication date:
Jan 2011
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Gender shapes how both men and women understand their experiences and actions regarding armed conflicts. A gender perspective in the context of conflict situations means to pay close ... More

Gender, Identity, and the Security State  

Ellie C. Schemenauer

Print publication date:
Jan 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Much of what goes on in the production of a security state is the over-zealous articulation of the other, which has the effect of reinforcing the myth of an essentialized, unambiguous ... More

Gendering Human Security: How Gender Theory Is Reflected and Challenged in Civil-Military Cooperation  

Gunhild Hoogensen Gjørv and Kirsti Stuvøy

Print publication date:
Jun 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Gendering human security is useful for making explicit the role of practice and actors, and the power relations between them, attributed through socialized and naturalized characteristics ... More

Gender in the Classroom  

Kathleen Staudt

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Although the study of women and gender flourished at intersection of comparative politics (CP) and international relations (IR), mostly international political economy (IPE) and ... More

Gender Issues in Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Migration  

Craig Douglas Albert

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Until recently, the role of women in nationalism and governance has received little scholarly attention, perhaps because men have historically exercised near exclusive control over nations ... More

Gender, Just War, and the Ethics of War and Peace  

Lauren Wilcox

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
The just war tradition is the most dominant framework for analyzing the morality of war. Just war theory is being challenged by proponents of two philosophical views: realism, which ... More

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