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Anthropology and International Relations  

Margaret Wehrer

Online publication date:
May 2019
Influenced by similar historical forces and intellectual trends, the fields of anthropology and international relations have begun collaborating in areas such as migration, human security, ... More

Contemporary Sources of Human Rights Violations  

Mahmood Monshipouri

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Human Rights
Given the systematic threats facing humanity, there is an urgent need for new thinking about the human rights project. The most prevalent form of global abuse exists in the form of violence ... More

Domestic Application of International Human Rights Norms and Universal Jurisdiction  

Ronald C. Slye

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Human Rights
Domestic courts play an important role in the adjudication of international law, including international human rights law. The relationship between international and domestic law has often ... More

Economic and Social Rights  

William F. Felice

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Human Rights
Economic rights refer to the right to property, the right to work, and the right to social security. Social rights are those entitlements necessary for an adequate standard of living, ... More

Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights  

Henry F. Carey

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Subject:
Human Rights
Economic, social, and cultural rights (ESCRs) emerged in the twentieth century as the set of “second-generation” rights after civil and political rights (CPRs). ESCRs represent the ... More

The Ethics of Torture: Definitions, History, and Institutions  

Rebecca Evans

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
International law defines torture as the intentional infliction of intense suffering aimed at forcing someone to reveal information, punishing unwanted behavior or inspiring fear in a ... More

The Ethics of Torture in the Context of the War on Terror  

Rebecca Evans

Online publication date:
Dec 2019
Despite an absolute prohibition against torture, countries throughout the world continue to engage in ill-treatment and torture, often during times of national stress, when perceived others ... More

Feminist Perspectives on Human Rights  

Laura Parisi

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Feminism has provided some new perspectives to the discourse on human rights over the years. Contemporary feminist scholarship has sought to critique the liberalism on which the conception ... More

Forced Migration, Refugees, and Asylum  

Nadine El-Enany and Eiko R. Thielemann

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Human Rights
Forced migrations, as well as the related issues of refugees and asylum, profoundly impact the relationship between the countries of origin and the countries of destination. Traditionally, ... More

From Humanitarian Intervention to the Responsibility to Protect  

Kurt Mills and Cian O’Driscoll

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
In contrast with humanitarian access or the provision of humanitarian assistance, humanitarian intervention is commonly defined as the threat or use of force by a state to prevent or end ... More

Geographic Insights Into Political Identity  

Emily Gilbert and Connie Yang

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Moving away from the conventional geopolitical analyses of territory, states, and nations, geographical research is now focused on the ways that political identities are constituted in and ... More

Global Distributive Justice  

Kevin K W Ip

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Human Rights
Distributive justice, in its broadest sense, is about how benefits and burdens ought to be distributed among a set of individuals as a matter of right and entitlement. Political ... More

Global Indigenous Rights and Responses  

Pat Lauderdale and Nicholas D. Natividad

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Human Rights
The United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues estimates that there are over 370 million indigenous people spread across 70 countries worldwide. Practicing unique traditions, they ... More

Globalization and Human Rights  

Tony Evans and Alex Kirkup

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Human Rights
The literature on the relationship between globalization and human rights has laid out three responses to the economic, political, and social transformations of globalization within the ... More

Human Rights and Foreign Policy Analysis  

Shannon Lindsey Blanton and David L. Cingranelli

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Foreign policy analysis emerged as a subfield ino the late 1950s and early 1960s, when scholars began to focus on substate factors and on the decision making process in evaluating foreign ... More

Human Rights and History  

Micheline Ishay

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Subject:
Human Rights
As a focus of academic inquiry, human rights gained legitimacy only after World War II. While the subject received consistent attention within the field of international law, greater ... More

Human Rights and the State  

Sonia Cardenas

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Human Rights
The modern state’s role vis-à-vis human rights has always been ambiguous. States are the basic guarantors of human rights protections, just as they can be brutal violators of human rights. ... More

Human Rights Education  

Anja Mihr

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Human rights education (HRE) is a set of educational and pedagogical learning methods aimed at informing people and training them in their human rights. The earliest foundation of HRE is ... More

Human Rights: Effectiveness of International and Regional Mechanisms  

Par Engstrom

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Subject:
Human Rights
The issue of human rights presents a dilemma for the discipline of international relations (IR) in general and the literature on international institutions in particular. Since ... More

Human Smuggling and Human Trafficking  

Nadejda K. Marinova

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Subject:
Human Rights
Trafficking and smuggling in persons is a serious crime and a grave violation of human rights. In the world today, there are more slaves than at any other time in human history—these ... More

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