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Reciprocity in International Studies  

Mark J. C. Crescenzi, Rebecca H. Best, and Bo Ram Kwon

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Reciprocity refers to the character of the actions and reactions between two or more actors. This character is commonly one of responding in kind to the actions of another. As such, ... More

Reform in China and Russia: A Comparative Perspective  

Mariya Y. Omelicheva and John James Kennedy

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
After years of communism and central planning, Russia and China embarked on broad transformations from planned to market economy and limited political liberalization reforms. Chinese ... More

Regime Theory  

Benjamin Meiches and Raymond Hopkins

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
The term “international regime” was originally used to describe formal agreements between states, but the concept has since evolved after going through considerable critique and ... More

Regime Type, Foreign Policy, and International Relations  

Joe D. Hagan

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
One of the most prevalent ideas in the literature of international relations (IR) is that domestic political patterns are linked to foreign policy via the concept of political regime ... More

Regional Governance and Environmental Problems  

Jörg Balsiger and Stacy D. VanDeveer

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Environment
Only recently has international environmental politics scholarship focused more explicitly on “regionalism” as a distinct phenomenon, one which has received much more sustained attention ... More

Regionalism  

Filippo Costa Buranelli and Aliya Tskhay

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
“Regionalism” is a polysemic term that represents both a subfield of international relations (IR) that studies regions of the world and a process of formation of regions themselves. Its ... More

Regionalism and the Global Political Economy  

Axel Hülsemeyer

Print publication date:
Dec 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
The terms “region,” “regionalism,” and “regional integration” are often used synonymously in the academe. For instance, one author refers to Pacific Asian regionalization, North American ... More

Regional Organizations in Southeast Asia  

Kilian Spandler

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
Research on regional organizations in Southeast Asia began to form during the Second World War. Although not always explicit, realist assumptions informed most of this early scholarship. ... More

Religion, Nationalism, and Transnational Actors  

Jeffrey Haynes

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Identity
A proper understanding of the development of nationalism should incorporate the direct and indirect influences of religion. To focus on the current international order is to note that ... More

Responding to Refugee and Humanitarian Crises  

Daniel Warner and Georg von Kalckreuth

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
The term “refugee crisis” is used throughout the literature to refer to situations where large numbers of refugees or displaced persons more generally are present, whereas “humanitarian ... More

Review of Available Data Sets  

Paul R. Hensel

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
The International Studies Association’s (ISA) Scientific Study of International Processes (SSIP) section is dedicated to the systematic analysis of empirical data covering the entire range ... More

Revolutionary Diplomacy  

Paul Sharp

Online publication date:
Feb 2020
Subject:
Diplomacy
Revolutionary diplomacy presents an uneasy coupling of two slippery terms. Revolutions are said to disrupt, replace, and transform particular social orders, but the term revolution can be ... More

Revolutions in Warfare  

Emily O. Goldman

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
The term “revolution in warfare” refers to a pronounced change or discontinuity in warfare that radically alters the way a military operates and improves relative military effectiveness. ... More

The Right to Health  

Audrey R. Chapman

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Human Rights
The right to health and health services is generally framed as the right to the highest attainable standard of health. Like other human rights, the right to health confers to all people ... More

Risk and Security in International Relations  

Mikkel Vedby Rasmussen

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Considerations of risk are pervasive in the contemporary security environment. A risk is a scenario followed by a policy proposal for how to prevent the scenario from becoming real. When ... More

The Role of Geographic Education in International Studies  

Fred Shelley

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Geography has been a formal academic discipline in the United States since the early twentieth century. During the first six or so decades of this period, geographic education was dominated ... More

Role Theory and Foreign Policy  

Cameron Thies

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Role theory is an approach to the study of foreign policy that developed in the interdisciplinary field of social psychology and can be appropriately applied at the individual, state, and ... More

Russia and Foreign Policy  

Robert H. Donaldson

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Russian foreign policy has both been similar and unique to that of other great powers. As a general rule of statecraft, Russia has pursued balance-of-power policies, which essentially ... More

Russian Security and Nuclear Policies: Successor to the Superpower Arsenal?  

Mariya Y. Omelicheva

Print publication date:
Jun 2011
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
The Cold War was a period of hostilities between the United States and the Soviet Union as the two superpowers engaged in a nuclear arms race. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, some ... More

Russian Theory of International Relations  

Andrei P. Tsygankov and Pavel A. Tsygankov

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Unique features of Russia’s perspectives on international politics as practice can be obtained quite clearly through the investigation of the debates on Russian foreign policy orientations. ... More

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