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Transnational Feminist Activism and Globalizing Women’s Movements  

Melinda Adams and Gwynn Thomas

Published in print:
Mar 2010
Published Online:
Jan 2018
Women’s activism has assumed an international dimension beginning in the nineteenth century. Transnational feminism has been shaped by debates over a wide range of issues: how to name and ... More

Transnational Human Rights Networks: Significance and Challenges  

Hans Peter Schmitz

Published in print:
Mar 2010
Published Online:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Human Rights
Transnational human rights networks refer to a form of cross-border collective action that seeks to promote compliance with universally accepted norms. Principled transnational activism ... More

Transnational Social Movements  

Kenneth A. Gould and Tammy L. Lewis

Published in print:
Mar 2010
Published Online:
Jan 2018
Transnational social movements are defined as movements wherein members in at least two nations cooperatively engage in efforts to promote or resist change beyond the bounds of their ... More

Treaty Law: New Trends  

Bruce Cronin

Published in print:
Mar 2010
Published Online:
Jan 2018
Treaties are agreements between sovereign states, and occasionally between states and international organizations. Treaties can include conventions, covenants, charters, and statutes, all ... More

Trust and International Organization  

Kendall W. Stiles

Published in print:
Dec 2014
Published Online:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Organization
Trust is the expectation that one’s interests be looked after despite the possibility of exploitation by the one being trusted (trustee). Trusting always involves some risk on the part of ... More

UN, Gender, and Women  

Soumita Basu

Published in print:
Dec 2013
Published Online:
Jan 2018
After the end of World War II, women’s rights advocates at the United Nations vigorously campaigned for equality between the sexes. At the UN Charter Conference held in San Francisco in ... More

The United States and International Environmental Politics  

Paul G. Harris

Published in print:
Mar 2010
Published Online:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Environment
Environmental politics refers to the examination of the environmental stances of both mainstream political parties and environmental social movements. It also includes the analysis of ... More

United States Intelligence Cultures  

Hamilton Bean

Published in print:
Mar 2010
Published Online:
Jan 2018
Organizational culture refers to the constellation of values, beliefs, identities, and artifacts that both shape and emerge from the interactions among the formal members of the US ... More

Universals and Particulars in International Relations Theory  

Anupam Pandey and Fiona Robinson

Published in print:
Mar 2010
Published Online:
Jan 2018
One of the most vigorous debates within the discipline of international relations (IR) revolves around the “universal/particular” dichotomy: the tensions between worldviews that emphasize ... More

Using Facebook as an Educational Resource in the Classroom  

Carolyn M. Shaw

Published in print:
Dec 2015
Published Online:
Nov 2017
Facebook is a social networking site created in 2004 which has since obtained over a billion users, and it has the potential to facilitate learning in the classroom. With the widespread ... More

Using Geography to Rethink the State  

Carl Grundy-Warr and James D. Sidaway

Published in print:
Mar 2010
Published Online:
Jan 2018
The state can be viewed as a form of community. Forms of human community and their attendant territorialities have been characterized by extreme variation, both historically and ... More

Utilitarianism and International Ethics  

Gerard Elfstrom

Published in print:
Mar 2010
Published Online:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Ethics
Utilitarianism is inextricably linked to international ethics. The roots of the principle of utility can be traced to the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, when it was first employed by ... More

Virtue Ethics  

Kirsten Ainley

Published Online:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Ethics
Virtue Ethics (VE) is a way of thinking about how to behave well which focuses on the character of moral agents and the nature of the good life. This contrasts with dominant approaches to ... More

War, Conflict, and Human Rights  

Olga Martin-Ortega, Johanna Herman, and Chandra Lekha Sriram

Published in print:
Mar 2010
Published Online:
Jan 2018
The relationship between human rights and armed conflict is rooted in historical debates among religious, philosophical, and international legal scholars about the nature of a just war, ... More

Wars for Ethnic or Nationalist Supremacy  

Kristin P. Johnson

Published in print:
Mar 2010
Published Online:
Jan 2018
One of the biggest challenges in studying internal conflict is the fact that internal strife and instability is not the norm. Across diverse groups, societies, and regimes, cooperation ... More

War Termination  

H.E. Goemans

Published in print:
Mar 2010
Published Online:
Nov 2017
War termination can be defined as the tacit or formal agreement and implementation of decisions to cease fighting on the battlefield. In older literature, scholars focused on the roles of ... More

What is Development?  

Gustavo Esteva

Published in print:
Mar 2010
Published Online:
Jan 2018
Subject:
Development
Development was born as aid, an expression of the modern obsession with “caring” used by disabling professions and the service industry. However, by 1980, it was already clear that there ... More

What is Theory?  

Patrick Thaddeus Jackson

Published in print:
Mar 2010
Published Online:
Jan 2018
The concept of theory takes part in a conceptual network occupied by some of the most common subjects of European Enlightenment, such as “science” and “reason.” Generally speaking, a ... More

Women’s Rights as Human Rights  

Jutta Joachim

Published in print:
Mar 2010
Published Online:
Jan 2018
For centuries, women have been struggling for the recognition of their rights. Women’s rights are still being dismissed by United Nations (UN) human rights bodies and even governments, ... More

Women and Academic Organizations in International Studies  

Karen Erickson and Elisabeth Prügl

Published in print:
Mar 2010
Published Online:
Jan 2018
Academic organizations introduce gender, race, nationality, and other signifiers of power into the field of international studies. Research on the status of women in the international ... More

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