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Contemporary Sources of Human Rights Violations  

Mahmood Monshipouri

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Human Rights
Given the systematic threats facing humanity, there is an urgent need for new thinking about the human rights project. The most prevalent form of global abuse exists in the form of ... More

Cooperative Learning in International Relations  

Steven L. Lamy

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Cooperative learning is a means of providing opportunities for students to work together in an effort to accomplish an assigned intellectual task. There are different types of cooperative ... More

Cosmopolitanism  

William Smith

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Ethics
Cosmopolitanism refers to the ideology that all human beings belong to a single community, based on a shared morality. A cosmopolitan community might be based on an inclusive morality, a ... More

Counterintelligence  

Hayden B. Peake

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
“Counterintelligence” (CI) is a term with multiple meanings—its definitions vary, even when applied to a single nation. Yet it can be understood by identifying the common CI functions in a ... More

Covert Action  

Jennifer D. Kibbe

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Covert action presents a potential policy for decision makers who want something quicker or more muscular than diplomacy but less expensive and obtrusive than military force. In contrast ... More

Crime: The Illicit Global Political Economy  

John T. Picarelli

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Transnational crimes are crimes that have actual or potential effect across national borders and crimes that are intrastate but offend fundamental values of the international community. ... More

Criminal Tribunals  

Aaron Fichtelberg

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
One the most dramatic development in international law in the twentieth century is the formation and operation of international criminal tribunals. Unlike conventional international ... More

Crisis Behavior: Miscalculation, Escalation, and Inadvertent War  

Janice Gross Stein

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
A relatively recent phenomenon in international politics is the study of crisis, which began in the twentieth century, when scholars looked back at two world wars and the interwar period ... More

Critical Geopolitics  

Merje Kuus

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Critical geopolitics is concerned with the geographical assumptions and designations that underlie the making of world politics. The goal of critical geopolitics is to elucidate and ... More

Critical Theory: International Relations' Engagement With the Frankfurt School and Marxism  

Faruk Yalvaç

Print publication date:
Dec 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Critical international relations theory (CIRT) is not only an academic approach but also an emancipatory project committed to the formation of a more equal and just world. It seeks to ... More

Critical Theory, Security, and Emancipation  

K.M. Fierke

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Critical theory in International Relations originated from the Marxist tradition which, during the mid- to late Cold War, formed the basis of dependency and world systems theory. In the ... More

Cultural Homogenization, Ethnic Cleansing, and Genocide  

Daniele Conversi

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Cultural homogenization is understood as a state-led policy aimed at cultural standardization and the overlap between state and culture. Homogeneity, however, is an ... More

Cultural Political Economy  

William Biebuyck and Judith Meltzer

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Cultural political economy (CPE) is an approach to political economy that focuses on how economic systems, and their component parts, are products of specific human, technical, and natural ... More

Culture and Foreign Policy Analysis  

Andrea Grove

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
There are several conceptions of culture which have become dominant in foreign policy analysis (FPA) in particular: culture as the organization of meaning, culture as value preferences, ... More

Culture, Religion, War, and Peace  

Yehonatan Abramson

Print publication date:
Dec 2013
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Religion and culture have historically been neglected in international relations (IR) theories and in political science more generally. It was only recently that IR began to consider the ... More

Defining–Redefining Security  

Barry Buzan and Lene Hansen

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
International security studies (ISS) has significantly evolved from its founding core of “golden age” strategic studies. From the onset of the Cold War in the late 1940s through to the ... More

Democracy, Democratization, and Gender  

Georgina Waylen

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Democracies and the processes surrounding recent transitions to democracy are gendered in a variety of ways. Recently, feminist scholars have questioned the exclusionary ways in which ... More

Deontological International Ethics  

Thomas E. Doyle

Print publication date:
Jan 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Ethics
Deontological international ethics describes, analyzes, and assesses the principles governing the interactions of actors at and across various levels of society; focuses on the relations ... More

Dependency and World-Systems Perspectives on Development  

Ray Kiely

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Development
This essay focuses on two related “radical theories” of development, dependency and world-systems theory, and shows how they emerged as a critique partly of modernization theory and of the ... More

Designing and Using Simulations and Role-Play Exercises  

Carolyn M. Shaw

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Simulations and role-play exercises have been used in the international studies classroom for over fifty years, producing a considerable body of literature devoted to their study and ... More

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