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Air Power  

Karl P. Mueller

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Environment
Air power refers to the use of aviation by nations and other political actors in the pursuit of power and security interests, along with the use of long-range missiles. Since armies and ... More

Challenges to Traditional International Relations Theory Posed by Environmental Change  

Hugh Dyer

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Environment, International Relations Theory
Changes in the environment can impact international relations theory, despite enjoying only a limited amount of attention from scholars of the discipline. The sorts of influence that may be ... More

Ecofeminism and Global Environmental Politics  

Juliann Emmons Allison

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Environment, Political Sociology
Ecofeminism can be described as both an ecological philosophy and a social movement that draws on environmental studies, critiques of modernity and science, and feminist critical analyses ... More

Environmental Activism  

Rodrigo G. Pinto

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Environment
Social science research on environment and activism with a cross- or transnational scope (REACTS) is described as a consolidated but confused, stagnant field of scholarship, one which has ... More

Environmental Justice  

Gary Bryner

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Environment
Environmental justice brings together two of the most powerful social movements of the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries, environmentalism and civil rights. Despite the ... More

Environmental Security and Climate Change  

Simon Dalby

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Environment, Political Geography, Security Studies
Environmental security focuses on the ecological conditions necessary for sustainable development. It encompasses discussions of the relationships between environmental change and conflict ... More

Environmental Sustainability and Sustainable Development  

Jack Manno and Adam Fix

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Environment
Environmental sustainability as a topic in international studies is most often considered in the context of sustainable development, a goal-oriented, normative concept that suggests the ... More

Environment and Development  

Priya Kurian and Robert V. Bartlett

Print publication date:
Jan 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Development, Environment
The fundamental conflicts and contradictions between environment and development, and various theoretical and practical efforts to reconcile them, have been a prominent part of the history ... More

Environment and Security  

Elizabeth L. Chalecki

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Environment, Security Studies
The term environment is often used as a short form for the biophysical environment, which refers to the biotic and abiotic surrounding of an organism or population, and consequently ... More

Environment in the Global Political Economy  

Peter M. Haas

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Environment, Political Economy
The literature on the political economy of the global environment is a hybrid of political economy, international relations (IR), and international environmental politics, looking at the ... More

Forests and Desertification  

Lynn M. Wagner and Deborah Davenport

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Environment
Both desertification and forest policies address environmental issues related to land. However, the types of land covered and the ways the issues associated with that land are ... More

Globalization and the Environment: There Must Be Some Way Out of Here  

Ronnie D. Lipschutz and Felicia A. Peck

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Environment
Even as globalization offers new opportunities to many and opens numerous political opportunities for social movements and other forms of political organizations, globalization also often ... More

International Cooperation on Hazardous Substances and Wastes  

Henrik Selin

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Environment
Various chemicals and heavy metals are released into the environment through industrial and manufacturing processes, agricultural use, the use of industrial and consumer goods, and the ... More

International Environmental Law  

Chenaz B. Seelarbokus

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Environment, International Law
Over the course of the twenty-first century, international environmental cooperation has been spurred through various new international environmental institutions and programs, and a ... More

International Organization and Environmental Governance  

Joshua W. Busby

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Environment, Organization
While some attempts to deal with transborder environmental issues have a longer history, the formal international organizations that have buildings and staff were mostly created in the ... More

Leadership in Global Environmental Politics  

Sanna Kopra

Online publication date:
Aug 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Environment, International Relations Theory
There is wide consensus among global environmental politics (GEP) scholars about the urgent need for leadership in international climate negotiations and other environmental issue areas A ... More

Natural Disasters and Cross-Border Implications  

Elena McLean and Muhammet Bas

Online publication date:
Jul 2020
Natural disasters such as cyclones, droughts, earthquakes, floods, landslides, volcanoes, or pandemics routinely have cross-border implications. Transboundary risks of natural disasters ... More

Normative Debates and Policy Responses in Climate Change Politics  

Loren R. Cass

Online publication date:
Sep 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Diplomacy, Environment, Ethics
Climate change politics refers to attempts to define climate change as a physical phenomenon as well as to delineate current and predict future effects on the environment and broader ... More

Origins and Theory of Climate Change Politics  

Loren R. Cass

Online publication date:
Sep 2020
Climate change politics refers to attempts to define climate change as a physical phenomenon as well as to delineate and predict current and future effects on the environment and broader ... More

The Politics of International Freshwater Resources  

Thomas Bernauer and Anna Kalbhenn

Print publication date:
Mar 2010
Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
Environment
Freshwater is one of the most valuable natural resources on Earth. However, many of the more easily accessible freshwater resources at local and regional levels have suffered from ... More

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