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date: 26 November 2022

Intellectuals and the Nation in Early 20th-Century Brazillocked

Intellectuals and the Nation in Early 20th-Century Brazillocked

  • Sergio MiceliSergio MiceliDepartment of Sociology, Universidade de São Paulo

Summary

In Brazil between 1920 and 1945, the potential for professional advancement increased significantly among literate individuals in three main areas: the intellectual and academic field in São Paulo and the emergence of a university-based intelligentsia; the boom in the publishing industry and the rise of professional novelists; and the Vargas regime’s widespread and deliberate co-optation of intellectuals. The interpretation presented in this article links class dynamics to changes within the activities of intellectuals, some of whom are analyzed here in the context of political and institutional tensions produced by the collapse of the oligarchic Old Republic (1889–1930).

Subjects

  • History of Brazil
  • 1910–1945
  • Cultural History
  • Intellectual History

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