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Political Historietas and Graphic Humor in Argentina  

Laura Vazquez

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Political Participation of Women in Chile through EVA Magazine, 1970–1973  

María Stella Toro

Online publication date:
Nov 2019
Right-wing women in Chile have received relatively little historical attention, and while they have engaged in many public activities, they have usually been seen as a complementary ... More

Political Prefects: The Regional Political Bosses of Mexico  

Romana Gloria Falcón Vega

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
History of Mexico, 1824–c. 1880, 1889–1910
During the formation of the Mexican nation, jefaturas políticas, or prefectures, as they will be called generically in this article, were basic institutions (1812–1917) for centralizing and ... More

Political Violence and the Left in Latin America, 1967–1979  

Aldo Marchesi

Online publication date:
Apr 2015
In the late 1960s, several leftist political movements in Latin America began to claim the use of political violence as a means of social transformation. This second wave of leftist ... More

The Politics and Culture of Medicine and Disease in Central America  

David Carey Jr.

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
With its diverse ecological zones and varied public health threats that ranged from lowland epidemic to highland endemic diseases, Central America is a challenging place to practice ... More

The Politics of Cultural Production during the Vargas Era, 1930–1945  

Daryle Williams

Online publication date:
Apr 2016
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
History of Brazil, 1910–1945, Cultural History
Short and stout in physical stature, Brazilian statesman Getúlio Dornelles Vargas (1882–1954) still stands as an outsize figure in modern Latin American history. The politician’s long ... More

The Popular Assembly of the Peoples of Oaxaca (APPO)  

Marco Estrada Saavedra

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
History of Mexico
The summer and fall of 2006 saw a violent, protracted conflict in Oaxaca, Mexico between the state government and the Popular Assembly of the Peoples of Oaxaca (Asamblea Popular de los ... More

Popular Music and the Growth of Brazilian Culture Industries since 1945  

K. E. Goldschmitt and Eduardo Vicente

Online publication date:
Jul 2020
The period following the end of Getúlio Vargas’s second government (1951–1954) saw a massive expansion of the media industries, with popular music in particular becoming an important ... More

Popular Religion, Death, and Nation in Paraguay  

Michael Kenneth Huner

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Like many topics in Paraguayan history, the subjects of popular religion and death are under-researched. And yet, if we can conclude anything about them, experiences involving popular ... More

Popular Religion in Colonial Brazil  

Laura de Mello e Souza

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
History of Brazil, Church and Religious History
Popular religiosity in colonial Brazil was marked by the process of colonization, which placed populations of differing ethnic and cultural origins together in dynamic and conflicting ways. ... More

Popular Revolts in the Empire of Brazil  

Monica Duarte Dantas

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Scholars have long studied the rebellious movements that rattled Brazil after its independence and during the so-called Regency period. The scholarship has mainly focused on understanding ... More

Population Studies and Genetics in Mexico during the Cold War  

Ana Barahona

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
Although their history can be traced further back to the study of heredity, variability, and evolution at the beginnings of the 20th century, studies on the genetic structure and ancestry ... More

Populism across the Andes during the 20th and Early 21st Centuries  

Iñigo García-Bryce

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Populist politics found fertile ground in the Andean nations both during the classic phase (1930s–1960s) and during the most recent wave of populism with its two ideological variants, ... More

Porfirian Politics in Mexico, 1876–1911  

Paul Garner

Online publication date:
May 2018
The success and longevity of the presidency of Porfirio Díaz (1876–1880, 1884–1911) was based on a modus vivendi between the two most prominent political cultures that emerged in Mexico ... More

Porfirian Social Practices and Etiquette  

Diego Pulido Esteva

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
Social life during the Porfiriato (1877–1911) was marked by constant tension between a strict moral code and practices that varied widely according to class. In recent years, research about ... More

Postrevolutionary Poster Art and Graphic Design in Cuba  

Claudio Sotolongo

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
The Cuban film posters produced by the Institute of Cinematic Art and Industry from 1964 to 1974 were the synthesis of an exploratory process that defined new subject matter established by ... More

Potosí Mines  

Kris Lane

Online publication date:
May 2015
This article examines the long history of Potosí, Bolivia, home of the world’s most productive silver mines. The mines, discovered in 1545 and still active today, are discussed in terms of ... More

Pre-Columbian Earth Builders of the Amazon  

Jonas Gregorio de Souza

Online publication date:
May 2019
Continuing advances in the archaeology of the Amazon have changed long-standing misconceptions about the rainforest as a homogeneous, nearly pristine environment occupied by small, ... More

President Fernando Henrique Cardoso of Brazil  

Ted Goertzel

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
History of Brazil, 1991 and After
Fernando Henrique Cardoso (b. Rio de Janeiro, June 18, 1931) had an influential academic career before going into politics and becoming a senator, foreign minister, finance minister and ... More

Private Enterprise, Colonialism, and the Atlantic World  

L.H. Roper

European empires would have not existed absent private enterprise both licit and illicit. Private traders, in the first instance, sustained colonies by conveying the labor and merchandise ... More

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