You are looking at  401-420 of 479 articles

View:

Runaway Slave Colonies in the Atlantic World  

Tim Lockley

Online publication date:
Apr 2015
Communities of runaway slaves, more commonly known as “Maroon communities,” were created throughout the Americas. Enslaved people ran away from their owners all the time, often just for a ... More

Rural Indians and Technological Innovation, From the Chinampas of Xochimilco and Beyond  

Richard Conway

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
When the anthropologist Paul Kirchhoff proposed a new definition of Mesoamerica in a landmark study from 1943, the first common characteristics he identified were technological and ... More

Rural Social Movements in Brazil in the Second Half of the 20th Century: From the Peasant Leagues to the Landless Workers’ Movement  

Leonilde Servolo de Medeiros

Online publication date:
Feb 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
History of Brazil
The struggle for land pervades Brazilian history, but it was not until the 1950s that various groups coalesced, thus forging the basis of a national peasant movement. Prior to the military ... More

The Sabinada Rebellion  

Monica Duarte Dantas and Roberto Saba

Online publication date:
Aug 2020
The Sabinada took place between November 1837 and March 1838 in the city of Salvador, province of Bahia, Empire of Brazil. It was a separatist rebellion organized by men of federalist and ... More

Sacrilege, Profanation, and the Appropriation of Sacred Power in New Spain  

Luis R. Corteguera

Online publication date:
Apr 2016
Between the 16th and 18th centuries, the Inquisition in New Spain tried individuals for a broad range of sacrilegious acts against religious objects, including spitting, trampling, ... More

Saint Óscar Romero, Liberation Theology, and Human Rights in El Salvador  

Michael Cangemi

Online publication date:
Dec 2019
Saint Óscar Arnulfo Romero y Galdámez (b. Ciudad Barrios, San Miguel, El Salvador, August 15, 1915; d. San Salvador, El Salvador, March 24, 1980) was the seventh Archbishop of San Salvador. ... More

Salvador Allende  

Steven S. Volk

Online publication date:
Nov 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
History of Southern Spanish America, 1945–1991
Salvador Allende Gossens (1908–1973), democratically elected President of Chile in 1970, pledged to move Chile to socialism within a constitutional framework. A medical doctor by training, ... More

Santa Anna and His Legacy  

Will Fowler

Online publication date:
Apr 2015
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
History of Mexico, 1492–1824, Military History
Antonio López de Santa Anna (b. Xalapa, February 21, 1794; d. Mexico City, June 21, 1876) was one of the most notorious military caudillos of 19th-century Mexico. He was involved in just ... More

Scandinavia in the Atlantic World  

Klas Rönnbäck

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
The Scandinavian countries established overseas settlements in Africa and the Americas, starting in the 17th century. In Africa, trading stations were initially established with the consent ... More

Scribal Culture, Indigenous Modes, and Nahuatl-Language Sources from the 16th to 18th Centuries  

Celso Mendoza

While several indigenous languages from the Americas have been alphabetized and written, no Native American language has such an extensive corpus of historical texts as Nahuatl, the ... More

The Secretary of War’s Historical Commission: Military Historians and the Cristeros  

Julia Preciado

Online publication date:
Aug 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
History of Mexico, Military History
The Cristero Rebellion (1926–1929), also known as La Cristiada, was a conflict between the Catholic Church and the Mexican government. The Catholics, especially from western states, rose up ... More

Sérgio Buarque de Holanda and His Raízes do Brasil: Myths and Identities in Brazilian Culture  

Pedro Meira Monteiro

Online publication date:
Jul 2020
Roots of Brazil, the debut book of historian and literary critic Sérgio Buarque de Holanda (1902–1982), is a classic work of Brazilian social critique. Conceptualized in ... More

The Sertão and Its Representations  

Nísia Trindade Lima and Tamara Rangel Vieira

Online publication date:
Aug 2020
In Brazilian social thought, the sertão is understood more in a symbolic than a geographic manner and thus does not have a precise spatial characterization. As a result, many places have ... More

Severo Martínez Peláez and Latin American Historiography  

Coralia Gutiérrez Álvarez

Online publication date:
May 2019
Severo Martínez Peláez is the most important figure in the founding of contemporary Guatemalan historiography. His work, in particular La patria del criollo (The Homeland of the Criollo), ... More

Sexuality and Black Magic in Brazil  

Kelly E. Hayes

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Belief in the power of feitiçaria or black magic has both endured and continually changed over time in Brazil. However, black magic is a peculiar and protean thing. Rather than defining a ... More

Sheep Sovereignties: The Colonization of the Falkland Islands/Malvinas, Patagonia, and Tierra del Fuego, 1830s–1910s  

Alberto Harambour-Ross

Online publication date:
Sep 2016
From the moment the expedition of Magellan gave Patagonia its name, it became a land where European fantasies and fears dwelled. A no man’s land inhabited by giant anthropophagites located ... More

Shining Path  

Miguel La Serna

Online publication date:
Sep 2020
Between 1980 and 1999, the Peruvian Communist Party—Shining Path—enveloped the Andean nation of Peru in an armed insurrection designed to topple the state and institute a communist regime. ... More

Slavery and International Relations in 19th-Century Brazil  

Keila Grinberg

Since the beginning of the colonial period, slavery was an important factor in the constitution of international relations between the Portuguese Empire and the other empires and states in ... More

Slavery and the Pursuit of Freedom in 16th-Century Santo Domingo  

Richard Lee Turits

In the past, scholars of Latin America often assumed that Spanish colonists abandoned the Caribbean for the bullion riches of Mexico and Peru almost immediately after their conquest, while ... More

Small Islands in a Geopolitically Unstable Caribbean World  

Ernesto Bassi

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Small islands offer an unexplored vantage point from which the Caribbean can be interpreted anew. The small western Caribbean island of San Andrés can be a privileged site to launch this ... More

View: