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Exile in 19th-Century Haiti  

Matthew J. Smith

Of the many conditions pronounced that have been strongly featured in the Caribbean experience since the ending of slavery in the 19th century, exile ranks as one of the most profound. Its ... More

The Extraordinary Career of Juana C. Romero, Cacica of Tehuantepec  

Francie Chassen-López

In the 1850s, Juana Catarina Romero, known popularly as Juana Cata, peddled her cigarettes on the streets of Tehuantepec in the state of Oaxaca, Mexico, an activity that enabled her to ... More

Family Planning and Reproductive Rights in Chile  

Jadwiga E. Pieper Mooney

The official histories of family planning and reproductive rights in Chile started in the 1960s, with initiatives by Chilean doctors to reduce maternal mortality due to self-induced ... More

FARC, Shining Path, and Guerillas in Latin America  

Marc Becker

Armed insurrections are one of three methods that the left in Latin America has traditionally used to gain power (the other two are competing in elections, or mass uprisings often ... More

Favelas and Politics in Brazil, 1890–1960  

Brodwyn Fischer

Published Online:
Jun 2019
All cities are forged by politics. But Brazil’s “informal” neighborhoods—and especially the favelas that now shape every Brazilian urban landscape—have an especially raw link to the ... More

Fernando Ortiz on Afro-Cuban Music  

Robin Moore

Fernando Ortiz is recognized today as one of the most influential Latin American authors of the 20th century. Amazingly prolific, his publications written between the 1890s and the ... More

The Festival de Rock y Ruedas in Avándaro, 1971  

Juan Alberto Salazar Rebolledo

Published Online:
Jul 2019
The Festival de Rock y Ruedas took place in Avándaro, in the suburbs of Valle de Bravo, a small town in Estado de México, on September 11 and 12, 1971. Among the organizers were ... More

Folk Festivals, Community Development, and the Sugar Industry Crisis in Tucumán, Argentina, 1966–1973  

Oscar Chamosa

In the late 1960s, the sugar-growing province of Tucumán, Argentina, was undergoing the deepest economic crisis of its history. In 1966, eleven large sugar mills closed by order of the ... More

Food in Contemporary Cuba  

Hanna Garth

Published Online:
Aug 2017
Cuban cuisine brings together the island’s histories of colonial relations with Spain and the culinary traditions of Africans, Amerindians, Chinese laborers, and those who migrated from ... More

Food Science, Race, and the Nation in Colombia  

Stefan Pohl-Valero

At the beginning of the 19th century, Colombian physicians thought of food as an essential factor in shaping human character and corporeality. Framed in a neo-Hippocratic system, health ... More

Football and Sports Media in Chile, 1895–1962  

Pedro Acuña

Football and media have become associated to such an extent that it would be difficult to discuss the history of sports in Chile without acknowledging its relationship with the media. ... More

Foreign Travelers in Mexico  

James A. Garza

The history of foreign travel to Mexico has been dependent on the country’s political, economic, and social conditions. Travel restrictions, banditry, the condition of transportation ... More

Foreign Travelers’ Accounts and Fanny Calderón de la Barca’s Life in Mexico  

Lourdes Parra Lazcano

Published Online:
Apr 2019
Foreign travelers arrived in large numbers in Mexico, especially after Mexican War of Independence, to see the country and access its commercial potential. Each of them talked about the ... More

Free Afro-Brazilians in the 19th Century  

Richard Graham

Although the slave trade to Brazil did not end until 1850, and slavery itself lasted until 1888, the practice of freeing slaves had been common from the time of first colonization by the ... More

French Intellectuals and Cultural Diplomacy in Brazil, 1934–1943  

Hugo Rogelio Suppo

Between 1934 and 1943, French cultural diplomacy in Brazil was the task of intellectuals, the so called “intellectual ambassadors.” Notwithstanding the differences in their individual ... More

The French Intervention in Mexico and the Empire of Maximilian and Carlota  

Luz María Hernández-Sáenz

Published Online:
Feb 2018
In 1861, Spanish, British, and French forces all landed in Veracruz to collect the debts Mexico owed them. After two months, the Spanish and British representatives reached an agreement ... More

Gabriel García Moreno, Conservative President of Ecuador  

Peter V. N. Henderson

Ecuador’s Gabriel García Moreno was one of the preeminent South American conservative politicians of the early national period. His historical notoriety rests in large measure on two ... More

Gabriel Vargas and La familia Burrón  

Maira Mayola Benítez Carrillo

Published Online:
Sep 2018
Gabriel Vargas Bernal created one of the greatest examples of Mexican comic strips, The Burrón Family. He had a remarkable career as a prolific cartoonist, screenwriter, historian, and ... More

The Galíndez Case in the Dominican Republic  

Elizabeth Manley

On March 12, 1956, Basque National and Columbia University lecturer Jesús María de Galíndez Suarez disappeared from New York City never to be seen again. While no conclusive evidence was ... More

Gender and Sexuality in Brazil since Independence  

Sueann Caulfield and Cristiana Schettini

Over the past forty years, increasing attention to gender and sexuality in Brazilian historiography has given us a nuanced understanding of diverse ways in which women and men in Brazil’s ... More

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