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Emiliano Zapata and Revolutionary Mexico, 1910–1919  

Paul Hart

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Emiliano Zapata led the Liberating Army of the South during the Mexican Revolution. Zapata’s movement began with a demand for land reform, and his beliefs are most often captured by ... More

FARC, Shining Path, and Guerillas in Latin America  

Marc Becker

Armed insurrections are one of three methods that the left in Latin America has traditionally used to gain power (the other two are competing in elections, or mass uprisings often organized ... More

Francisco de Miranda  

Andrey Iserov

Francisco de Miranda (March 28, 1750, Caracas, Venezuela—July 14, 1816, La Carraca, Spain) was a Spanish American revolutionary who after a career in the Spanish Army from 1783 devoted his ... More

General Victoriano Huerta and the Mexican Revolution  

Friedrich E. Schuler

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
General Victoriano Huerta (1850–1916) stands out as the bête noire of twentieth-century Mexico. He was a career army officer who had attained the rank of general. Other generals and the old ... More

Guerrilla Movements and Armed Struggle in Cold War Mexico  

Alexander Aviña

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
After decades of revolutionary upheaval and political violence that began early in the 20th century, Mexico had seemingly achieved stability and a relative level of social peace by the ... More

Latin American Marxism and the Atlantic  

Andrés Estefane and Luis Thielemann

Marxist thought in Latin America was impacted by various transatlantic intellectual, and social influences. The changes in Latin American Marxism can be placed in a five-stage chronological ... More

Liberalism in the Spanish Atlantic  

Roberto Breña

The role that liberals and liberalism played from the beginning of the crisis hispánica of 1808 until the death of Simón Bolívar in 1830 can be separated for analytical purposes in two ... More

Luís Carlos Prestes: A Revolutionary Between Two Worlds  

Daniel Aarão Reis

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Luís Carlos Prestes, from his birth in 1898 to his death in 1990, had a long, restless, and bustling life. His childhood and youth, as well as key events in his family life, are especially ... More

Mexico’s Centennial Celebration of Independence in 1910  

Michael J. Gonzales

Online publication date:
Aug 2018
Porfirio Díaz’s liberal dictatorship used the centenary of independence to promote material progress, political stability, and the mestizo nation, all of which have remained important ... More

Mexico’s First Decades of Independence  

Christon I. Archer and Stephen B. Neufeld

By 1821, a decade of bloody warfare had fragmented the viceroyalty of New Spain, divided the population into hostile factions of patriots and royalists, and intensified old hatreds among ... More

Mexico’s Political Laboratory: The Revolutionary and Postrevolutionary Southeast  

Sarah Osten

Online publication date:
Sep 2016
The history of the 20th century in the Southeast of Mexico is bookended by two revolutions: the Mexican Revolution as it played out in the region, along with its antecedents and aftermath, ... More

The 1964 Military Coup in Brazil  

João Roberto Martins Filho

The coup that took place in Brazil on March 31, 1964 can be understood as a typical Cold War event. Supported by civilians, the action was carried out by the armed forces. Its origins hark ... More

Political Violence and the Left in Latin America, 1967–1979  

Aldo Marchesi

In the late 1960s, several leftist political movements in Latin America began to claim the use of political violence as a means of social transformation. This second wave of leftist ... More

Popular Revolts in the Empire of Brazil  

Monica Duarte Dantas

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Scholars have long studied the rebellious movements that rattled Brazil after its independence and during the so-called Regency period. The scholarship has mainly focused on understanding ... More

Porfirian Politics in Mexico, 1876–1911  

Paul Garner

Online publication date:
May 2018
The success and longevity of the presidency of Porfirio Díaz (1876–1880, 1884–1911) was based on a modus vivendi between the two most prominent political cultures that emerged in Mexico ... More

Postrevolutionary Poster Art and Graphic Design in Cuba  

Claudio Sotolongo

The Cuban film posters produced by the Institute of Cinematic Art and Industry from 1964 to 1974 were the synthesis of an exploratory process that defined new subject matter established by ... More

Railroads and the Mexican Imagination during the Porfiriato and Revolution  

Michael Matthews

Throughout the 19th and early 20th century, the Mexican populace demonstrated a fascination with the nation’s railroads. Newspapers, literature, poetry, music, and art focused their ... More

Ricardo Flores Magón and the Ongoing Revolution  

Kevan Antonio Aguilar

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
The political and cultural legacy of Ricardo Flores Magón (b. San Antonio Eloxochitlán, September 16, 1873; d. U.S. Penitentiary, Leavenworth, Kansas, November 21, 1922,) has become an ... More

Rock Nacional in Argentina during the Dictatorship  

Timothy Wilson and Mara Favoretto

In the 20th century Argentina experienced a series of dictatorial regimes of varying intensity, but the last dictatorship stands apart. The Process of National Reorganization or Proceso ... More

Small Islands in a Geopolitically Unstable Caribbean World  

Ernesto Bassi

Small islands offer an unexplored vantage point from which the Caribbean can be interpreted anew. The small western Caribbean island of San Andrés can be a privileged site to launch this ... More

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