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Football and Sports Media in Chile, 1895–1962  

Pedro Acuña

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Football and media have become associated to such an extent that it would be difficult to discuss the history of sports in Chile without acknowledging its relationship with the media. Since ... More

The Guaraní Missions in the Jesuit Province of Paraguay, 1609–1800  

Eduardo Neumann

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
The establishment of the Jesuit Province of Paraguay in 1609 expanded upon the “spiritual conquest” of the Guaranís of South America. The liminal position of this territory, located between ... More

Health Care Policy in Argentina  

Giuseppe M. Messina

In Argentina, the provision of health care is divided into three components: a highly decentralized universal public sector, funded from general taxation; a constellation of compulsory ... More

History of Alternative Communication in Chile: Phases and Endeavors  

Chiara Sáez and Jorge Iturriaga

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
With the surge of social struggles tied to the implementation of capitalist modernization at the end of the 19th century, diverse forms of technology-based mass communication in Chile arose ... More

Honor Ideology, Dueling Culture, and Judicial Lies in 1920s Uruguay  

David S. Parker

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
In Montevideo in 1923, streetcar company executive Juan Cat shot at journalist and Communist parliamentarian Celestino Mibelli in the atrium of the Uruguayan Congress. Despite this ... More

Indigenous Men in the Argentine Military  

Ana Vivaldi

Online publication date:
Sep 2019
In Argentina, tensions between the military and Indigenous People have been present since the formation of the nation-state in the late 19th century. During the so-called “Campañas al ... More

Jesuit Missions and Private Property, Commerce, and Guaraní Economic Initiative  

Julia Sarreal

The mission economy supported tens of thousands of Guaraní Indians and made the Jesuit reducciones (1609 to 1767) the most populous and financially prosperous of all the missions among ... More

José de San Martín and Indigenous Relations in the South Andean Borderlands  

Jesse Zarley

Napoleon Bonaparte’s 1807 invasion of Spain and Portugal set in motion a transatlantic imperial crisis that, within two decades, resulted in Spain’s losing nearly all of its American ... More

José Ingenieros, El Hombre Mediocre, and Social Integration in Turn-of-the-20th-Century Argentina  

Mariano Ben Plotkin

Online publication date:
Jun 2016
The life of Italian-Argentine scientist and intellectual José Ingenieros (1877–1925) has been considered a clear example of the potential for upward social mobility based on talent that ... More

Korean Popular Culture in Argentina  

Grit Kirstin Koeltzsch

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
The cultural movement known as Hallyu (or Korean Wave) and the transnational popularity of K-pop music and dance have long been established as an important phenomenon in the global world, ... More

Labor and Resistance to the International Monetary Fund  

Dustin Walcher

Online publication date:
May 2019
Since the immediate post–World War II era, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has played a leading role in the political, economic, and social lives of Latin Americans. Its role has ... More

The Labor Movement and Sugar Industry in Tucumán in the 1960s and 1970s  

Silvia Nassif

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
The province of Tucumán, Argentina, has been used as a test case for the fallacious “theory of the two demons” because it is both where a guerrilla movement formed in 1974 and where the ... More

Masculinities, Consumption, and Domesticity during the Perón Era  

Natalia Milanesio

Online publication date:
May 2019
Supported by a multiclass alliance including the working class and some sectors of industry and the military, Juan Domingo Perón’s government (1946–1955) industrialized the country, ... More

The Middle Class in Argentina  

Ezequiel Adamovsky

Online publication date:
Feb 2016
Since the mid-19th century, Argentine society has undergone significant demographic shifts. The expansion of capitalism and the growing complexity of the state apparatus increased the ... More

The Moche  

Luis Jaime Castillo Butters and Karla Paola Patroni Castillo

Online publication date:
Apr 2020
The Moche developed in the north coastal valleys of Peru between 200 and 850 ad. These societies evolved from earlier regional civilizations like Cupisnique and Gallinazo thanks, in part, ... More

Neoliberalism in Chile  

Alison J. Bruey

Online publication date:
May 2020
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
History of Southern Spanish America
Chile was one of the first countries in the world to undergo a transition to neoliberalism. Neoliberalism became official state policy in 1975, during the Pinochet dictatorship (1973–1990), ... More

Paraguayan National Identity  

Peter Lambert

Online publication date:
Aug 2015
Paraguay is a pluriethnic, plurilingual, and multicultural society, influenced by migration from the Americas, Europe, Asia, and Africa, which contains many conflicting identities. Despite ... More

Paraguayan Politics, Economics, and Cultural Identity, 1870–1936  

Bridget María Chesterton

In the period 1870–1936, Paraguay began to redevelop economically after its devastating loss in the War of the Triple Alliance (1864–1870). Turning to a liberal economic model popular in ... More

Political Historietas and Graphic Humor in Argentina  

Laura Vazquez

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Political Participation of Women in Chile through EVA Magazine, 1970–1973  

María Stella Toro

Online publication date:
Nov 2019
Right-wing women in Chile have received relatively little historical attention, and while they have engaged in many public activities, they have usually been seen as a complementary ... More

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