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Mexican Foreign Relations, 1910–1946  

Amelia M. Kiddle

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
During the Mexican Revolution and the long period of reconstruction that followed, successive Mexican presidents navigated the stormy seas of international relations. Though forced to ... More

The Mexican Muralists and Frida Kahlo  

Leonard Folgarait

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
The major art form produced in Mexico during the years following the Mexican Revolution of 1910, especially during 1920–1940, was mural painting, mostly in the technique of fresco. Three ... More

The Mexican Revolution, 1910–1946  

Jürgen Buchenau

Online publication date:
Sep 2015
The Mexican Revolution was the first major social revolution of the 20th century. Its causes included, among others, the authoritarian rule of dictator Porfirio Díaz, the seizure of ... More

The Mexican Son, Past and Present  

Raquel G. Paraíso

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Among the many musical traditions of Mexico, the son is one of the most representative of the richness and diversity of Mexican culture. Son (or sones) is a generic term that describes both ... More

Mexico and the Outside World  

Friedrich E. Schuler

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Mexican elites emerging out of the political civil wars of the 19th century threw their support behind French positivism and its theory that a nation could thrive through economic, ... More

Music and Folklore Research in the Departamento de Bellas Artes, 1926–1946  

Jessica Gottfried

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
The Departamento de Bellas Artes (DBA; Department of Fine Arts) was founded as one of the departments of the Secretaría de Educación Pública (SEP). It had a Music Section, which centered ... More

Music in Mexico City, 1880–1960  

Ricardo Pérez Montfort

Online publication date:
May 2016
From the late 19th century to the mid-20th century, Mexican popular music underwent a significant transformation, thanks to the growth of Mexico City as an urban center and to the influence ... More

National History Museum, Chapultepec Castle  

Salvador Rueda Smithers

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
As a monument and museum, Chapultepec Castle is today an emblem for Mexicans. It signified a double synthesis of memory: the building tells the history of the old Military College and the ... More

Pan-Mexicanism through Radio, 1936–1942  

Priscila Pilatowsky

Online publication date:
Dec 2019
Between the 1920s and 1940s, Mexican culture became the subject of enthusiastic interest across the Americas and several European countries. This interest was due, among other things, to ... More

The Politics of Cultural Production during the Vargas Era, 1930–1945  

Daryle Williams

Online publication date:
Apr 2016
Short and stout in physical stature, Brazilian statesman Getúlio Dornelles Vargas (1882–1954) still stands as an outsize figure in modern Latin American history. The politician’s long ... More

Public Health in Mexico, 1870–1943  

Claudia Agostoni

The prevention of communicable diseases, the containment of epidemic disorders, and the design of programs and the implementation of public health policies went through important ... More

Publishing Houses and the 'Discovery' of Brazil, 1930–1950  

Gabriela Pellegrino Soares

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
The flourishing of the publishing market in Brazil in the first decades of the 20th century is associated with the social, economic, and political transformations that accompanied the ... More

Radical Right Ideologies and Movements in Brazil  

João Fábio Bertonha

Online publication date:
May 2020
Far-right movements, groups, and parties are a constant in Brazilian history. Following the first moment in which we can identify the presence of the radical right in Brazil (1889), its ... More

Railroads and the Mexican Imagination during the Porfiriato and Revolution  

Michael Matthews

Throughout the 19th and early 20th century, the Mexican populace demonstrated a fascination with the nation’s railroads. Newspapers, literature, poetry, music, and art focused their ... More

Revolutionary Influences on Genre Cinema in Mexico  

Jennifer L. Jenkins

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
The visual and technical culture of the Mexican Revolution shaped and was shaped by cinematic innovation in newsreel and fiction filmmaking, which evolved simultaneously with those social ... More

Revolutionary Land Reform and Its End in Mexico  

Joseph U. Lenti

For seventy-five years the Mexican government allocated private and public land to people who needed it—and lots of it. An average of 1.3 million hectares were redistributed annually from ... More

Ricardo Flores Magón and the Ongoing Revolution  

Kevan Antonio Aguilar

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
The political and cultural legacy of Ricardo Flores Magón (b. San Antonio Eloxochitlán, September 16, 1873; d. U.S. Penitentiary, Leavenworth, Kansas, November 21, 1922,) has become an ... More

The Socio-Political History of Cacao Growing in the State of Bahia  

Mary Ann Mahony

For most of the 20th century, a narrow coastal strip of the Brazilian state of Bahia was the largest producer of Theobroma cacao in the Americas and the second largest in the world. Cacao ... More

State-Building and Roads in Postrevolutionary Chiapas and at the Turn of the 21st Century  

Jonathan Otto

Online publication date:
May 2018
Throughout the 20th century, the Mexican government used road building to incorporate the country’s disparate regions within the national economy and to enhance the visibility of remote ... More

Taxation, Money, Credit, and the Consolidation of Oligarchic Rule in El Salvador, 1848–1931  

Antonio Acosta

Online publication date:
May 2019
The formation of El Salvador’s oligarchy was a long and complex process. Its beginning can be traced to 1848, when the first export of Salvadoran coffee took place. The first stage in its ... More

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