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Popular Revolts in the Empire of Brazil  

Monica Duarte Dantas

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Scholars have long studied the rebellious movements that rattled Brazil after its independence and during the so-called Regency period. The scholarship has mainly focused on understanding ... More

Pre-Columbian Earth Builders of the Amazon  

Jonas Gregorio de Souza

Online publication date:
May 2019
Continuing advances in the archaeology of the Amazon have changed long-standing misconceptions about the rainforest as a homogeneous, nearly pristine environment occupied by small, ... More

President Fernando Henrique Cardoso of Brazil  

Ted Goertzel

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Fernando Henrique Cardoso (b. Rio de Janeiro, June 18, 1931) had an influential academic career before going into politics and becoming a senator, foreign minister, finance minister and ... More

Private Enterprise, Colonialism, and the Atlantic World  

L.H. Roper

European empires would have not existed absent private enterprise both licit and illicit. Private traders, in the first instance, sustained colonies by conveying the labor and merchandise ... More

Publishing Houses and the 'Discovery' of Brazil, 1930–1950  

Gabriela Pellegrino Soares

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
The flourishing of the publishing market in Brazil in the first decades of the 20th century is associated with the social, economic, and political transformations that accompanied the ... More

Radical Right Ideologies and Movements in Brazil  

João Fábio Bertonha

Online publication date:
May 2020
Far-right movements, groups, and parties are a constant in Brazilian history. Following the first moment in which we can identify the presence of the radical right in Brazil (1889), its ... More

Rural Social Movements in Brazil in the Second Half of the 20th Century: From the Peasant Leagues to the Landless Workers’ Movement  

Leonilde Servolo de Medeiros

Online publication date:
Feb 2020
The struggle for land pervades Brazilian history, but it was not until the 1950s that various groups coalesced, thus forging the basis of a national peasant movement. Prior to the military ... More

Sexuality and Black Magic in Brazil  

Kelly E. Hayes

Belief in the power of feitiçaria or black magic has both endured and continually changed over time in Brazil. However, black magic is a peculiar and protean thing. Rather than defining a ... More

The Socio-Political History of Cacao Growing in the State of Bahia  

Mary Ann Mahony

For most of the 20th century, a narrow coastal strip of the Brazilian state of Bahia was the largest producer of Theobroma cacao in the Americas and the second largest in the world. Cacao ... More

Sugar and the Formation of Colonial Brazil  

Vera Lucia Amaral Ferlini

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
Sugar, besides its economic importance, created the foundations of political power in Brazil, based on the monopoly of land and the enslavement of indigenous and African people. ... More

Territory, Economy, and Labor in the Colonial North  

Rafael Chambouleyron

Online publication date:
Nov 2019
The Portuguese occupied the northern region of South America in the early 17th century. It constituted a separate province of the Portuguese possessions in South America. This province ... More

The Meaning of Color and Race in Portuguese America, 1640–1750  

Ronald Raminelli

Color and race are important references for assessing the privileges and barriers that sustained or impeded the social ascension of New Christians, Africans, Indians, and mestiços in the ... More

Traders in Colonial Brazil: Origins, Strategies, and Networks  

George Felix Cabral de Souza

Online publication date:
May 2020
Mercantile groups of colonial Brazil have drawn renewed attention in recent decades as analyses of empirical data have outlined a more complex economic scenario for the Portuguese colonies ... More

The United States and the 1964 Brazilian Military Coup  

Matias Spektor

The John F. Kennedy administration took a bet on the incoming president of Brazil, João Goulart, as he took office on September 8, 1961. Goulart was not a radical socialist, but his ... More

Visions of the Nation in Imperial Brazil: Arts and Celebrations  

Maria Ligia Coelho Prado

Online publication date:
Aug 2018
The imperial period in Brazil (1822–1889) is central to a better understanding of the particularities of Brazilian history in the broader context of Latin America. Independence in relation ... More

Women and the Catholic Church in Colonial Brazil  

Carole A. Myscofski

Women in colonial Brazil (1500–1822) were affected by the presence of the Portuguese Roman Catholic Church in nearly every dimension of their lives. The Catholic Church dominated the ... More

Zoos in Latin America  

Regina Horta Duarte

Modern zoos emerged as mass entertainment, spaces of public leisure and of culture. In the past, they served as monuments and expressions of the degree of “civilization” and progress of a ... More

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