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Oscar Lewis, Urban Poverty, and The Children of Sánchez  

Joshua K. Salyers

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Revolutionary leaders favored depictions of Mexico City in the mid-20th century that highlighted the progress and orderly growth of a modern industrial city. The ruling party made Mexico ... More

Political Violence and the Left in Latin America, 1967–1979  

Aldo Marchesi

In the late 1960s, several leftist political movements in Latin America began to claim the use of political violence as a means of social transformation. This second wave of leftist ... More

Population Studies and Genetics in Mexico during the Cold War  

Ana Barahona

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
Although their history can be traced further back to the study of heredity, variability, and evolution at the beginnings of the 20th century, studies on the genetic structure and ancestry ... More

Populism across the Andes during the 20th and Early 21st Centuries  

Iñigo García-Bryce

Populist politics found fertile ground in the Andean nations both during the classic phase (1930s–1960s) and during the most recent wave of populism with its two ideological variants, ... More

Postrevolutionary Poster Art and Graphic Design in Cuba  

Claudio Sotolongo

The Cuban film posters produced by the Institute of Cinematic Art and Industry from 1964 to 1974 were the synthesis of an exploratory process that defined new subject matter established by ... More

The Public Sphere in Mexico since the Mid-20th Century  

Vanessa Freije

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
At midcentury, the expansion of a middle class, rapid urbanization, and rising literacy rates transformed Mexico’s public sphere. Available reading material and access to television ... More

Revolutionary Influences on Genre Cinema in Mexico  

Jennifer L. Jenkins

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
The visual and technical culture of the Mexican Revolution shaped and was shaped by cinematic innovation in newsreel and fiction filmmaking, which evolved simultaneously with those social ... More

Revolutionary Land Reform and Its End in Mexico  

Joseph U. Lenti

For seventy-five years the Mexican government allocated private and public land to people who needed it—and lots of it. An average of 1.3 million hectares were redistributed annually from ... More

Rock Nacional in Argentina during the Dictatorship  

Timothy Wilson and Mara Favoretto

In the 20th century Argentina experienced a series of dictatorial regimes of varying intensity, but the last dictatorship stands apart. The Process of National Reorganization or Proceso ... More

Saint Óscar Romero, Liberation Theology, and Human Rights in El Salvador  

Michael Cangemi

Online publication date:
Dec 2019
Saint Óscar Arnulfo Romero y Galdámez (b. Ciudad Barrios, San Miguel, El Salvador, August 15, 1915; d. San Salvador, El Salvador, March 24, 1980) was the seventh Archbishop of San Salvador. ... More

Salvador Allende  

Steven S. Volk

Online publication date:
Nov 2015
Salvador Allende Gossens (1908–1973), democratically elected President of Chile in 1970, pledged to move Chile to socialism within a constitutional framework. A medical doctor by training, ... More

Severo Martínez Peláez and Latin American Historiography  

Coralia Gutiérrez Álvarez

Online publication date:
May 2019
Severo Martínez Peláez is the most important figure in the founding of contemporary Guatemalan historiography. His work, in particular La patria del criollo (The Homeland of the Criollo), ... More

The Socio-Political History of Cacao Growing in the State of Bahia  

Mary Ann Mahony

For most of the 20th century, a narrow coastal strip of the Brazilian state of Bahia was the largest producer of Theobroma cacao in the Americas and the second largest in the world. Cacao ... More

Tourism and Connoisseurship in the Collection Histories of Haitian Art in the United States  

Peter Haffner

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
The Midwestern United States is home to several major public museum collections of Haitian art. These collections were established within a short period between the late 1960s and early ... More

Ubre Blanca and the Politics of Milk in Socialist Cuba  

Reinaldo Funes Monzote

In the summer of 1981 the cow named Ubre Blanca (White Udder), born on Isla de la Juventud (formerly Isla de Pinos) in the southern Cuban archipelago, became headline news for her high milk ... More

The United States and the 1964 Brazilian Military Coup  

Matias Spektor

The John F. Kennedy administration took a bet on the incoming president of Brazil, João Goulart, as he took office on September 8, 1961. Goulart was not a radical socialist, but his ... More

Wars of Spanish-American Independence  

Natalia Sobrevilla Perea

The wars of Spanish-American independence were a series of military campaigns that took place in the Americas between 1809 and 1825, which resulted in the creation of more than a dozen ... More

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