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José Vasconcelos, National Education, and Revolutionary Culture in Mexico  

William Beezley

Online publication date:
Sep 2016
As Mexico’s minister of public education from 1921 to 1924, José Vasconcelos played a prominent role in efforts to create a new national identity expressing the 1910 Revolution’s goals of ... More

Juliet Barrett Rublee and Flame of Mexico  

Elissa Rashkin and Isabel Arredondo

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The 1932 film Flame of Mexico (released in Mexico as Alma mexicana), written and produced by the US feminist activist Juliet Barrett Rublee (b. 1875–d. 1966), provides a window on to ... More

Korean Popular Culture in Argentina  

Grit Kirstin Koeltzsch

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Laura Méndez de Cuenca: A Force for Mexican Modernity  

Mílada Bazant

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
One of the leading figures who pioneered and promoted changes toward modernity in Mexico City was Laura Méndez de Cuenca. Laura dared to transgress the traditional Catholic norms of her ... More

Lucha Libre  

Stephen Allen

Lucha libre, or professional wrestling, has become a staple of urban Mexican culture over the course of the 20th century. In the past twenty years, it has gained international acclaim for ... More

Men and Modernity in Porfirian Mexico  

Robert M. Buffington

The Porfirian era (1876–1911) marked a watershed in social understandings of manhood. New ideas about what it meant to be a man had appeared in Mexico by the middle of the 19th century in ... More

Mexican Comic Books and NAFTA  

Bruce Campbell

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Mexican comic books are a cultural product whose development is tied to the history of the modern Mexican state. The consolidation of the state in the aftermath of the armed conflict ... More

Mexican Culture, 1920–1945  

Helen Delpar and Stephanie J. Smith

Online publication date:
May 2018
Cultural nationalism characterized much of Mexico’s artistic and literary production during the 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s. Much as Mexico City’s centenary festivities in 1921 and the ... More

The Mexican Muralists and Frida Kahlo  

Leonard Folgarait

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
The major art form produced in Mexico during the years following the Mexican Revolution of 1910, especially during 1920–1940, was mural painting, mostly in the technique of fresco. Three ... More

Mexican Politics, Economy, and Society, 1946–1982  

Ryan Alexander

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The years immediately following World War II constituted a watershed in Mexico’s political development: the national government, controlled by the recently renamed Institutional ... More

The Mexican Son, Past and Present  

Raquel G. Paraíso

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Among the many musical traditions of Mexico, the son is one of the most representative of the richness and diversity of Mexican culture. Son (or sones) is a generic term that describes ... More

Mexican Telenovelas  

O. Hugo Benavides

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Telenovelas have a very recent history, yet from their impact and pervasiveness it would seem that they have always been part of the Mexican culture. Telenovelas did not make their ... More

Mexican Women Writers, 1960 to the Present  

Sarah Anderson

Online publication date:
May 2018
Since the early 1960s, Mexican women writers have relentlessly fought to become recognized within a traditionally male-dominated literary canon. In the 20th century, women’s ... More

Mexico’s Early Cookbooks  

Maite Gomez-Rejón

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
During the Spanish conquest of Mexico (1519–1521), gastronomic literature was already prevalent in Europe, yet not so in Mexico. The use of the printing press in Mexico was limited to ... More

Mexico in World Expositions and Fairs  

Susan Douglas

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Mexico’s involvement in world’s fairs and other international expositions is examined. From 1867 to 1929, governments promoted nationalism and industrialization through world’s fairs in ... More

Mexico’s Political Laboratory: The Revolutionary and Postrevolutionary Southeast  

Sarah Osten

Online publication date:
Sep 2016
The history of the 20th century in the Southeast of Mexico is bookended by two revolutions: the Mexican Revolution as it played out in the region, along with its antecedents and aftermath, ... More

Music and Eastern Cuban Identity  

Rebecca Bodenheimer

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
On the one hand, Cubans from Havana tend to paint themselves as the quintessential representation of Cubanidad (Cubanness) and often enjoy all the visibility, especially from a global ... More

Music and Folklore Research in the Departamento de Bellas Artes, 1926–1946  

Jessica Gottfried

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
The Departamento de Bellas Artes (DBA; Department of Fine Arts) was founded as one of the departments of the Secretaría de Educación Pública (SEP). It had a Music Section, which centered ... More

Music in Mexico City, 1880–1960  

Ricardo Pérez Montfort

Online publication date:
May 2016
From the late 19th century to the mid-20th century, Mexican popular music underwent a significant transformation, thanks to the growth of Mexico City as an urban center and to the ... More

Paraguayan National Identity  

Peter Lambert

Online publication date:
Aug 2015
Paraguay is a pluriethnic, plurilingual, and multicultural society, influenced by migration from the Americas, Europe, Asia, and Africa, which contains many conflicting identities. Despite ... More

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