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Alliance for Progress  

Stephen G. Rabe

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
On March 13, 1961, President John F. Kennedy announced the Alliance for Progress, an economic assistance program to promote political democracy, economic growth, and social justice in Latin ... More

Brazil on the International Stage  

David Mares

Online publication date:
Feb 2020
Four elements of Brazil’s identity—its large size, its self-perception as part of the Western world, its vulnerability to European intervention and to the changing world economy, and its ... More

The Cuban Embassy in Uruguay, 1959–1964  

Roberto García

The 1959 Cuban Revolution, the revolution’s subsequent strengthening, and the radical change that the process underwent beginning in 1961 marked a turning point in the history of Latin ... More

The Drug Trade in Mexico  

Aileen Teague

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
The drug trade in Mexico and efforts by the Mexican government—often with United States assistance—to control the cultivation, sale, and use of narcotics are largely 20th-century phenomena. ... More

French Intellectuals and Cultural Diplomacy in Brazil, 1934–1943  

Hugo Rogelio Suppo

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Between 1934 and 1943, French cultural diplomacy in Brazil was the task of intellectuals, the so called “intellectual ambassadors.” Notwithstanding the differences in their individual ... More

The Galíndez Case in the Dominican Republic  

Elizabeth Manley

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
On March 12, 1956, Basque National and Columbia University lecturer Jesús María de Galíndez Suarez disappeared from New York City never to be seen again. While no conclusive evidence was ... More

Hollywood and Disney in Mid-20th-Century Inter-American Relations  

Fernando Purcell and Camila Gatica

Hollywood, and Disney in particular, played a key role in inter-American relations during the mid-20th century. Hollywood cinema became an important weapon of cultural diplomacy in the ... More

Latin America and Antarctica  

Adrian Howkins

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Since the early 19th century, a number of Latin American countries have had active interests in the Antarctic continent. These interests began to accelerate in the early 20th century, and ... More

Latin America and the League of Nations  

Fabián Herrera León

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
At the moment of its founding in 1920, the League of Nations enjoyed the solid support of Latin American countries, whose early and extensive participation helped legitimize the new ... More

Mexican Foreign Relations, 1910–1946  

Amelia M. Kiddle

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
During the Mexican Revolution and the long period of reconstruction that followed, successive Mexican presidents navigated the stormy seas of international relations. Though forced to ... More

Neoliberalism and Free Trade in Latin America  

Robert Jordan

Online publication date:
Sep 2016
First utilized in Latin America in response to the mid-20th-century decline of populist economic policymaking in the region, modern neoclassical theory, or neoliberalism, can be generally ... More

Oscar Arias and the Treaty of Esquipulas  

Philip Travis

Throughout the 1980s, Central America was wracked by conflict. El Salvador faced a guerrilla insurgency, Guatemala’s long conflict festered, and Nicaragua faced a continually escalating ... More

Spanish Diplomacy in the Age of Atlantic Revolutions  

Timothy Hawkins

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
Spain entered the Age of Atlantic Revolutions (1775–1825) motivated by a desire to re-establish its traditional status as a major European power, a position that its Habsburg monarchs ... More

US and the Cold War in Latin America  

Thomas C. Field Jr.

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
The Cold War in Latin America had marked consequences for the region’s political and economic evolution. From the origins of US fears of Latin American Communism in the early 20th century ... More

Vatican Foreign Relations with Latin America since Independence  

Stephen J. C. Andes

Vatican foreign relations with Latin America comprise both bilateral diplomatic negotiations with states and the Holy See’s spiritual leadership of national Catholic Churches in the region. ... More

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