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African American Boxer Billy Clarke in Modernizing Guatemala  

Alvis E. Dunn

Online publication date:
Oct 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
History of Central America
In the final decades of the 19th century the Central American nation of Guatemala represented some intriguing employment and entrepreneurial possibilities from the point of view of US ... More

The African Presence in Central American History  

Robinson Herrera

Online publication date:
Jun 2020
Far from monolithic, the seven Central American countries—Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama—each have unique cultural traditions and historical ... More

The Association of Communitarian Health Services (ASECSA) and the Role of Religion and Health in Central America  

Susan Fitzpatrick-Behrens

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
The Association of Communitarian Health Services (ASECSA) is a transnational, religiously influenced health program in Central America created during the Cold War. ASECSA was founded in ... More

Banana Industry in Central America  

Kevin Coleman

Online publication date:
Jan 2020
From the earliest days of Spanish and Portuguese colonial rule up until the late 19th century, banana cultivation in the Americas was carried out mostly by smallholders. That changed around ... More

Biography of a Colonial Document  

Sylvia Sellers-García

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
What can we learn about the documents we work with if we incorporate a study of document creation, travel, and storage into the consideration of document content? Some well-known documents, ... More

Bourbon Reforms in Central America, 1700–1808  

Jorge González Alzate

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
History of Central America, 1492–1824
The Kingdom of Guatemala, a neglected backwater of the Spanish Empire under the Habsburgs, figured prominently in the long-term strategic planning of the Bourbon state. Royal preoccupation ... More

Catholics, Evangelicals, and US Policy in Central America  

Michael Cangemi

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
During the Cold War’s earliest years, right-wing governments and oligarchic elites in El Salvador, Guatemala, and Nicaragua fostered closer relationships with the Catholic Church. ... More

The Central American Coffee Commodity Chain  

Mario Samper Kutschbach

Online publication date:
May 2019
Oxford Research Encyclopedia:
History of Central America
Coffee production has been a significant economic activity in Central America since the 19th century, and it has played an important role in shaping social relations, politics, and culture ... More

Central America’s Caribbean Coast: Politics and Ethnicity  

Robert Sierakowski

Online publication date:
Sep 2016
From the period of imperial conquest and competition, the Caribbean coast of Central America has served as an interstitial space: between British and Spanish rule; between foreign corporate ... More

Central America Under Liberal Rule, 1870–1929  

Carlos Gregorio López Bernal

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
In 1871, a wave of “liberal revolutions” began in Central America. Important changes were made to strengthen national states, promote the growth of the economy, and secularize society. The ... More

Contextualizing the Popol Wuj from Friar Ximénez to the Digital Age  

Néstor Quiroa

Regarded as an ethnohistorical treasure, the Popol Wuj narrative has been read exclusively as a freestanding, self-contained text used to inquire into a history far removed from when it was ... More

Digital Resources: Colonial Nahuatl in Central America  

Sergio Romero

Nahuatl is the Latin American indigenous language having the largest number of colonial documents. As with other colonial documents, the study of these manuscripts requires mastery of the ... More

Digital Resources: Multepal, Mesoamerican Studies, and the Popol Wuj  

Allison Margaret Bigelow and Rafael C. Alvarado

The Multepal project is an online thematic research collection devoted to the aggregation, integration, and presentation of primary and secondary sources to support the teaching and ... More

Digital Resources: Online Finding Aid for the Archivo General de Centro América  

Rosemary A. Joyce and Russell N. Sheptak

The Online Finding Aid for the Archivo General de Centro América will provide increased ways for researchers to identify documents of interest in a widely distributed microfilm copy of this ... More

Digital Resources: The Sandino Rebellion Digital Historical Archive, Nicaragua, 1927–1934  

Michael J. Schroeder

From May 1927 to December 1932, the Nicaraguan nationalist Augusto C. Sandino waged guerrilla war against the U.S. Marines and Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua to expel the “Yankee invaders” ... More

Digital Resources: The Humanizing Deportation Archive  

Robert Irwin

Humanizing Deportation is a community archive of digital stories (testimonial video shorts) that recounts personal experiences related to deportation and deportability. The largest ... More

Documenting the Human Cost of Guatemala’s Civil War  

Trudy Mercadal

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
The magnitude and brutality of the internal armed conflict of Guatemala led to its becoming infamous worldwide. Although the militarized state became a monster that brutalized many ... More

Economic Integration in 19th- and 20th-Century Central America  

Dora María Téllez

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Throughout their history, the countries of Central America have attempted several forms of political and economic integration. After declaring independence in the 19th century, the region ... More

Hispanic Constitutionalism and the Independence Process in the Kingdom of Guatemala, 1808–1823  

Xiomara Avendaño Rojas

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Unlike the French and North American revolutions, which fought against a monarchical power, the Hispanic political revolution began by evoking the memory of the beloved Ferdinand VII of ... More

Nineteenth-Century Foreign Travelers to Central America  

Arturo Taracena Arriola

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Foreign travelers, mainly from Europe and the United States, did not come to Central America until the founding of the Federal Republic of Central America in 1823 after independence from ... More

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