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Letter from the editor

Tongue Muscle Anatomy: Architecture and Function

"The behavior of tongue muscles has been of interest since tongue dissections identified the complexity of tongue muscle architecture in the 1930s. The activation of tongue muscles and its effect on tongue surface shape has been of interest since lateral X-rays made it feasible to see a 2D tongue surface in the 1950s. ..." – By Maureen Stone

Phonological Variation and Change in Brazilian Portuguese

"Brazilian Portuguese (BP) is the set of varieties of the Portuguese language native to Brazil. Portuguese settlers took the language to their South American colonies in the 16th century. They initially occupied the east coast of the territory, where Portuguese language came in contact with indigenous languages, mainly from the Tupi-Guarani and Jê families. ..." – By Elisa Battisti

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