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Letter from the editor

Language Shift

"Language shift occurs at the societal level and is defined as the replacement “of one language by another in the lives of the community members” (Dorian, 1982, p. 44). It can be gradual, taking place across generations and centuries, or rapid, across a single generation. ..." – By Lenore A. Grenoble

Phonological Variation and Change in Brazilian Portuguese

"Brazilian Portuguese (BP) is the set of varieties of the Portuguese language native to Brazil. Portuguese settlers took the language to their South American colonies in the 16th century. They initially occupied the east coast of the territory, where Portuguese language came in contact with indigenous languages, mainly from the Tupi-Guarani and Jê families. ..." – By Elisa Battisti

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