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Letter from the editor

Tongue Muscle Anatomy: Architecture and Function

"The behavior of tongue muscles has been of interest since tongue dissections identified the complexity of tongue muscle architecture in the 1930s. The activation of tongue muscles and its effect on tongue surface shape has been of interest since lateral X-rays made it feasible to see a 2D tongue surface in the 1950s. ..." – By Maureen Stone

Phonetic Correlates of Sex, Gender and Sexual Orientation

"While superficially, sex and gender appear to be clearly defined and clearly differentiated terms, referring to physical or physiological differences on the one hand, and social or cultural differences on the other, the well-known case of the South African athlete Caster Semenya, who was banned from female competition due to the level of testosterone in her blood, shows in most striking fashion how quickly any demarcation of the two terms can become unclear. ..." – By Adrian P. Simpson and Melanie Weirich

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