Welcome to the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics

Learn more

Letter from the editor

History of Languages for Specific Purposes

"It is often said that languages for specific purposes (also named special languages or technolects) are the product of a division of labor. Although this concept was introduced only as late as 1776 (by Adam Smith, in An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations), the idea that professions or occupations of all kind are characterized by a particular vocabulary that is not understood by all native speakers was already manifest in the writings..." – By Wolfgang Pöckl

Phonological Variation and Change in European French

"This section examines in detail some recent developments in the pronunciation of the French of France, based to some extent on studies adopting a number-crunching or variationist viewpoint. Subsequent sections consider the varieties of French spoken in Belgium and Switzerland; we may note in passing the seeming gap in the literature on Luxembourg French. ..." – By Nigel Armstrong

What's New to the OREs

In December 2021, 95 new full articles, 26 revised articles, and 1 new summary article across 18 disciplines have been published on the Oxford Research Encyclopedias platform. Explore the recently published articles now.

Two More Encyclopedias Available via Subscription and Perpetual Access

On September 29, the Oxford Research Encyclopedias of Anthropology and Planetary Science will be available via subscription and perpetual access. After a successful free period during development, the OREs provide in-depth overviews of the major areas of research and will continue to grow with the field over time. If you're a librarian, explore Subscriber Services to learn how to provide access to the OREs for your institution. If you're not a librarian, you can recommend the OREs to your librarian here.

Why the Oxford Research Encyclopedia?

With today’s overabundance of information, and misinformation, students and researchers alike can be overwhelmed in identifying what’s trustworthy, what’s up-to-date, and what’s accurate..

Explore by Discipline

Working with international communities of scholars across all fields of study, we are developing new comprehensive collections of in-depth, peer-reviewed summaries on an ever-growing range of topics..

For Librarians

Oxford University Press offers a variety of tools to help you promote your access to the Oxford Research Encyclopedias and get the most out of these resources.

Recently Published

Browse recently published articles by month, including summaries and previews of forthcoming full-text articles.