Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Oxford Research Encyclopedias, Linguistics. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 29 March 2023

Spanish-Based Creole Languageslocked

Spanish-Based Creole Languageslocked

  • Armin Schwegler, Armin SchweglerUniversity of California Irvine
  • Bart JacobsBart JacobsJagiellonian University
  •  and Nicolas QuintNicolas QuintCentre National de la Recherche Scientifique


We offer a global overview of Spanish-based Creoles and the state of the art of the discipline. First, we present what is generally considered “the group” of Spanish-based Creoles. Two Creoles are then discussed in some detail, Palenquero and Papiamentu, providing sketches of their (a) sociolinguistic history and (b) linguistic structure. Completing this overview, we cover Chabacano (spoken in the Philippines), albeit in briefer fashion due to limitations of space. Attention is then turned to several Latin American areas that once may have been Creole speaking (these include Highland Bolivia, Peru, and western Colombia). We also make reference to Bozal Spanish, that is, the L2 Spanish formerly spoken in the Caribbean and elsewhere by slaves born in Africa.


  • Language Families/Areas/Contact

You do not currently have access to this article


Please login to access the full content.


Access to the full content requires a subscription