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date: 25 June 2024

The Passive Construction in Chineselocked

The Passive Construction in Chineselocked

  • Haihua PanHaihua PanChinese University of Hong Kong
  •  and Xiaoshi HuXiaoshi HuTsinghua University

Summary

Central to the passive construction in Chinese is the categorial status of the passive marker bei and the syntactic nature of passivization. In this respect, different analyses have been proposed in the literature. The passive marker bei is argued to be a preposition, a verb, or a passivization morpheme. Accordingly, some scholars propose analysis of Chinese bei-passives as non-canonical passives, which are different from the be-passive in English. By contrast, others argue differently and think English be-passivization in terms of unaccusativization also applies to Chinese bei-passives, and the only difference between Chinese and English is that the passivization domain for Chinese is the whole verb phrase while that for English is the verb only. In the article, we will review different proposals on the bei-passive in Chinese by examining their crucial arguments and identifying their potential problems.

Subjects

  • Linguistic Theories
  • Syntax

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