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date: 06 December 2023

Nominal Inflectional Morphology in Germanic: Adjectiveslocked

Nominal Inflectional Morphology in Germanic: Adjectiveslocked

  • Hans-Olav EngerHans-Olav EngerUniversity of Oslo

Summary

The article surveys the different types of adjective inflection: gradation and agreement. Agreement inflection on adjectives in Germanic can involve gender, number, case, and strong/weak (definiteness). The languages differ in their agreement inflection. The different modes of exponence for the different inflections are shown (e.g., periphrasis, affixation, and vowel change). There are adjectives that are defective and those that are completely indeclinable. The article also surveys deviations such as suppletion and syncretisms. The article shows how the notion of construction may be relevant for Germanic adjective inflection, how there is a difference between attributive and predicative use in that the former typically involves “more inflection,” and this is also shown for cases of semantic agreement. Perhaps some differences between Germanic languages in their adjective inflection relate to sociolinguistic factors.

Subjects

  • Language Families/Areas/Contact
  • Morphology
  • Sociolinguistics
  • Syntax

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