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Tense and Aspect in Morphology  

Marianne Mithun

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
Subject:
Morphology
Distinctions of time are among the most common notions expressed in morphology cross-linguistically. But the inventories of distinctions marked in individual languages are also varied. ... More

Text-Messaging in Africa  

Ana Deumert

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The concept of Africa requires reflection: what does it mean to study a social phenomenon “in Africa”? Technology use in Africa is complex and diverse, showing various degrees of access ... More

Textual Inference  

Annie Zaenen

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Hearers and readers make inferences on the basis of what they hear or read. These inferences are partly determined by the linguistic form that the writer or speaker chooses to give to her ... More

Theme  

Eva Hajičová

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
In the linguistic literature, the term theme has several interpretations, one of which relates to discourse analysis and two others to sentence structure. In a more general (or global) ... More

Theoretical Phonology  

Paul de Lacy

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Phonology has both a taxonomic/descriptive and cognitive meaning. In the taxonomic/descriptive context, it refers to speech sound systems. As a cognitive term, it refers to a ... More

Tone  

Bert Remijsen

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
When the phonological form of a morpheme—a unit of meaning that cannot be decomposed further into smaller units of meaning—involves a particular melodic pattern as part of its sound shape, ... More

Toward a Sociolinguistics of Modern Sub-Saharan African South–South Migrations  

Cécile B. Vigouroux

Online publication date:
Apr 2018
Despite their large demographic size, intra-continental African migrations have hardly been taken into account in the theorizing on migration in transnational studies and related fields. ... More

Tupian Languages  

Wolf Dietrich

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
“Tupian” is a common term applied by linguists to a linguistic stock of seven families spread across great parts of South America. Tupian languages share a large number of structural and ... More

Type Theory for Natural Language Semantics  

Stergios Chatzikyriakidis and Robin Cooper

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Type theory is a regime for classifying objects (including events) into categories called types. It was originally designed in order to overcome problems relating to the foundations of ... More

Usage-Based Linguistics  

Holger Diessel

Throughout the 20th century, structuralist and generative linguists have argued that the study of the language system (langue, competence) must be separated from the study of language use ... More

Variation in Phonology  

Arto Anttila

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Language is a system that maps meanings to forms, but the mapping is not always one-to-one. Variation means that one meaning corresponds to multiple forms, for example faster ~ more fast. ... More

Vowel Harmony  

Harry van der Hulst

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
The subject of this article is vowel harmony. In its prototypical form, this phenomenon involves agreement between all vowels in a word for some phonological property (such as palatality, ... More

William Labov  

Matthew J. Gordon

William Labov (b. 1927) is an American linguist who pioneered the study of variationist sociolinguistics. Born and raised in northern New Jersey, Labov studied English and philosophy at ... More

Words Versus Rules (Storage Versus Online Production/Processing) in Morphology  

Vsevolod Kapatsinski

Online publication date:
May 2018
Subject:
Morphology
Speakers of most languages comprehend and produce a very large number of morphologically complex words. But how? There is a tension between two facts. First, speakers can comprehend and ... More

World Englishes  

Edgar W. Schneider

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
English clearly is the world’s most widely used language in the early 21st century: the language of formal and other interactions in very many countries, the main tool of globalization, ... More

Zapotecan Languages  

Rosemary G. Beam de Azcona

Online publication date:
Jun 2016
Zapotecan languages belong to the Otomanguean stock and consist of two major subgroups: Zapotec and Chatino. They are primarily spoken in Oaxaca, Mexico, and elsewhere in diaspora, ... More

Zero Morphemes  

Eystein Dahl and Antonio Fábregas

Online publication date:
Jul 2018
Zero or null morphology refers to morphological units that are devoid of phonological content. Whether such entities should be postulated is one of the most controversial issues in ... More

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