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Argument Realization and Case in Japanese  

Hideki Kishimoto

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Japanese is a language where the grammatical status of arguments and adjuncts is marked exclusively by postnominal case markers, and various argument realization patterns can be assessed by ... More

Argument Realization in Syntax  

Malka Rappaport Hovav

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Words are sensitive to syntactic context. Argument realization is the study of the relation between argument-taking words, the syntactic contexts they appear in and the interpretive ... More

Argument Structure and Morphology  

Jim Wood and Neil Myler

Online publication date:
Jul 2019
The topic “argument structure and morphology” refers to the interaction between the number and nature of the arguments taken by a given predicate on the one hand, and the morphological ... More

Articulatory Phonetics  

Marie K. Huffman

Online publication date:
May 2016
Articulatory phonetics is concerned with the physical mechanisms involved in producing spoken language. A fundamental goal of articulatory phonetics is to relate linguistic representations ... More

Articulatory Phonology  

Marianne Pouplier

Online publication date:
Aug 2020
One of the most fundamental problems in research on spoken language is to understand how the categorical, systemic knowledge that speakers have in the form of a phonological grammar maps ... More

Artificial Languages  

Alan Reed Libert

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Artificial languages—languages which have been consciously designed—have been created for more than 900 years, although the number of them has increased considerably in recent decades, and ... More

A Typological Perspective on the Morphology of Nilo-Saharan Languages  

Gerrit Jan Dimmendaal

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
Nilo-Saharan, a phylum spread mainly across an area south of the Afro-Asiatic and north of the Niger-Congo phylum, was established as a genetic grouping by Greenberg. In his earlier, ... More

Audiovisual Speech Perception and the McGurk Effect  

Lawrence D. Rosenblum

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
Research on visual and audiovisual speech information has profoundly influenced the fields of psycholinguistics, perception psychology, and cognitive neuroscience. Visual speech findings ... More

Autosegmental Phonology  

William R. Leben

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
Autosegments were introduced by John Goldsmith in his 1976 M.I.T. dissertation to represent tone and other suprasegmental phenomena. Goldsmith’s intuition, embodied in the term he created, ... More

Bare Nominals  

Bert Le Bruyn, Henriëtte de Swart, and Joost Zwarts

Online publication date:
May 2017
Bare nominals (also called “bare nouns”) are nominal structures without an overt article or other determiner. The distinction between a bare noun and a noun that is part of a larger nominal ... More

Berber-Arabic Language Contact  

Maarten Kossmann

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Since the start of the Islamic conquest of the Maghreb in the 7th century ce, Berber and Arabic have been in continual contact. This has led to large-scale mutual influence. The ... More

Bilingualism and Multilingualism from a Socio-Psychological Perspective  

Tej K. Bhatia

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Bilingualism/multilingualism is a natural phenomenon worldwide. Unwittingly, however, monolingualism has been used as a standard to characterize and define bilingualism/multilingualism in ... More

Biolinguistics  

Cedric Boeckx and Pedro Tiago Martins

Online publication date:
May 2016
All humans can acquire at least one natural language. Biolinguistics is the name given to the interdisciplinary enterprise that aims to unveil the biological bases of this unique capacity. ... More

Blending in Morphology  

Natalia Beliaeva

Online publication date:
May 2019
Blending is a type of word formation in which two or more words are merged into one so that the blended constituents are either clipped, or partially overlap. An example of a typical blend ... More

Blocking  

Franz Rainer

Blocking can be defined as the non-occurrence of some linguistic form, whose existence could be expected on general grounds, due to the existence of a rival form. *Oxes, for example, is ... More

Bracketing Paradoxes in Morphology  

Heather Newell

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Bracketing paradoxes—constructions whose morphosyntactic and morpho-phonological structures appear to be irreconcilably at odds (e.g., unhappier)—are unanimously taken to point to truths ... More

Case  

Andrej L. Malchukov

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Morphological case is conventionally defined as a system of marking of a dependent nominal for the type of relationship they bear to their heads. While most linguists would agree with this ... More

Case Interactions in Syntax  

Jessica Coon and Clint Parker

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
The phenomenon of case has been studied widely at both the descriptive and theoretical levels. Typological work on morphological case systems has provided a picture of the variability of ... More

Caucasian Languages  

Marina Chumakina

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Languages from at least five genetically unrelated families are spoken in the Caucasus, but there are only three endemic linguistic families belonging to the region: Kartvelian, West ... More

Causative/Inchoative in Morphology  

Mercedes Tubino-Blanco

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
The Causative/Inchoative alternation involves pairs of verbs, one of which is causative and the other non-causative syntactically and semantically (e.g., John broke the window vs. The ... More

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