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Audiovisual Speech Perception and the McGurk Effect  

Lawrence D. Rosenblum

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
Research on visual and audiovisual speech information has profoundly influenced the fields of psycholinguistics, perception psychology, and cognitive neuroscience. Visual speech findings ... More

Autosegmental Phonology  

William R. Leben

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
Autosegments were introduced by John Goldsmith in his 1976 M.I.T. dissertation to represent tone and other suprasegmental phenomena. Goldsmith’s intuition, embodied in the term he created, ... More

Bare Nominals  

Bert Le Bruyn, Henriëtte de Swart, and Joost Zwarts

Online publication date:
May 2017
Bare nominals (also called “bare nouns”) are nominal structures without an overt article or other determiner. The distinction between a bare noun and a noun that is part of a larger ... More

Berber-Arabic Language Contact  

Maarten Kossmann

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Since the start of the Islamic conquest of the Maghreb in the 7th century ce, Berber and Arabic have been in continual contact. This has led to large-scale mutual influence. The ... More

Bilingualism and Multilingualism from a Socio-Psychological Perspective  

Tej K. Bhatia

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Bilingualism/multilingualism is a natural phenomenon worldwide. Unwittingly, however, monolingualism has been used as a standard to characterize and define bilingualism/multilingualism in ... More

Biolinguistics  

Cedric Boeckx and Pedro Tiago Martins

Online publication date:
May 2016
All humans can acquire at least one natural language. Biolinguistics is the name given to the interdisciplinary enterprise that aims to unveil the biological bases of this unique ... More

Blending in Morphology  

Natalia Beliaeva

Online publication date:
May 2019
Blending is a type of word formation in which two or more words are merged into one so that the blended constituents are either clipped, or partially overlap. An example of a typical blend ... More

Blocking  

Franz Rainer

Blocking can be defined as the non-occurrence of some linguistic form, whose existence could be expected on general grounds, due to the existence of a rival form. *Oxes, for example, is ... More

Bracketing Paradoxes in Morphology  

Heather Newell

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
Bracketing paradoxes—constructions whose morphosyntactic and morpho-phonological structures appear to be irreconcilably at odds (e.g., unhappier)—are unanimously taken to point to truths ... More

Case  

Andrej L. Malchukov

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Morphological case is conventionally defined as a system of marking of a dependent nominal for the type of relationship they bear to their heads. While most linguists would agree with this ... More

Case Interactions in Syntax  

Jessica Coon and Clint Parker

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
The phenomenon of case has been studied widely at both the descriptive and theoretical levels. Typological work on morphological case systems has provided a picture of the variability of ... More

Caucasian Languages  

Marina Chumakina

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Languages from at least five genetically unrelated families are spoken in the Caucasus, but there are only three endemic linguistic families belonging to the region: Kartvelian, West ... More

Child Phonology  

Yvan Rose

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
Child phonology refers to virtually every phonetic and phonological phenomenon observable in the speech productions of children, including babbles. This includes qualitative and ... More

Children’s Acquisition of Syntactic Knowledge  

Rosalind Thornton

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Children’s acquisition of language is an amazing feat. Children master the syntax, the sentence structure of their language, through exposure and interaction with caregivers and others ... More

Chinese Semantics  

Haihua Pan and Yuli Feng

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Cross-linguistic data can add new insights to the development of semantic theories or even induce the shift of the research paradigm. The major topics in semantic studies such as bare noun ... More

Clinical Linguistics  

Louise Cummings

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Clinical linguistics is the branch of linguistics that applies linguistic concepts and theories to the study of language disorders. As the name suggests, clinical linguistics is a ... More

Clitics and Clitic Clusters in Morphology  

Eulalia Bonet

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
Clitics can be defined as prosodically defective function words. They can belong to a number of syntactic categories, such as articles, pronouns, prepositions, complementizers, negative ... More

Coarticulation  

Daniel Recasens

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
The study of coarticulation—namely, the articulatory modification of a given speech sound arising from coproduction or overlap with neighboring sounds in the speech chain—has attracted the ... More

Cognitively Oriented Theories of Meaning  

Peter Gärdenfors

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
There are two main theoretical traditions in semantics. One is based on realism, where meanings are described as relations between language and the world, often in terms of truth ... More

Communicative Repertoires in African Languages  

Anne Storch

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Even though the concept of multilingualism is well established in linguistics, it is problematic, especially in light of the actual ways in which repertoires are composed and used. The ... More

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