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Paradigm Function Morphology: Assumptions and Innovations  

Gregory Stump

Online publication date:
Apr 2020
Paradigm Function Morphology (PFM) is an evolving approach to modeling morphological systems in a precise and enlightening way. The fundamental insight of PFM is that words have both ... More

Paradigms in Morphology  

Petar Milin and James P. Blevins

Online publication date:
Mar 2020
Studies of the structure and function of paradigms are as old as the Western grammatical tradition. The central role accorded to paradigms in traditional approaches largely reflects the ... More

Personal/Participant/Inhabitant in Morphology  

Marios Andreou

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
The category of Personal/Participant/Inhabitant derived nouns comprises a conglomeration of derived nouns that denote among others agents, instruments, patients/themes, inhabitants, and ... More

Polarity in the Semantics of Natural Language  

Anastasia Giannakidou

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
This paper provides an overview of polarity phenomena in human languages. There are three prominent paradigms of polarity items: negative polarity items (NPIs), positive polarity items ... More

Polysemy  

Agustín Vicente and Ingrid L. Falkum

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Polysemy is characterized as the phenomenon whereby a single word form is associated with two or several related senses. It is distinguished from monosemy, where one word form is associated ... More

Psycholinguistic Methods and Tasks in Morphology  

Daniel Schmidtke and Victor Kuperman

Lexical representations in an individual mind are not given to direct scrutiny. Thus, in their theorizing of mental representations, researchers must rely on observable and measurable ... More

Scrambling in Korean Syntax  

Heejeong Ko

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Scrambling is one of the most widely discussed and prominent factors affecting word order variation in Korean. Scrambling in Korean exhibits various syntactic and semantic properties that ... More

Semantic Theories of Questions  

Floris Roelofsen

Online publication date:
Oct 2019
This survey article discusses two basic issues that semantic theories of questions face. The first is how to conceptualize and formally represent the semantic content of questions. This ... More

The Status of the Morpheme  

Tom Leu

Online publication date:
Feb 2020
The morpheme was the central notion in morphological theorizing in the 20th century. It has a very intuitive appeal as the indivisible and invariant unit of form and meaning, a minimal ... More

The Status of Heads in Morphology  

Beata Moskal and Peter W. Smith

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Headedness is a pervasive phenomenon throughout different components of the grammar, which fundamentally encodes an asymmetry between two or more items, such that one is in some sense more ... More

Subtraction in Morphology  

Stela Manova

Subtraction consists in shortening the shape of the word. It operates on morphological bases such as roots, stems, and words in word-formation and inflection. Cognitively, subtraction is ... More

Syntactic Cartography  

Ur Shlonsky and Giuliano Bocci

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Syntactic cartography emerged in the 1990s as a result of the growing consensus in the field about the central role played by functional elements and by morphosyntactic features in syntax. ... More

Syntactic Categorization of Roots  

Terje Lohndal

Online publication date:
Feb 2020
A root is a fundamental minimal unit in words. Some languages do not allow their roots to appear on their own, as in the Semitic languages where roots consist of consonant clusters that ... More

Syntax of Ditransitives  

Heidi Harley and Shigeru Miyagawa

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Ditransitive predicates select for two internal arguments, and hence minimally entail the participation of three entities in the event described by the verb. Canonical ditransitive verbs ... More

Syntax–Phonology Interface  

Sónia Frota and Marina Vigário

Online publication date:
May 2018
The syntax–phonology interface refers to the way syntax and phonology are interconnected. Although syntax and phonology constitute different language domains, it seems undisputed that they ... More

Theme  

Eva Hajičová

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
In the linguistic literature, the term theme has several interpretations, one of which relates to discourse analysis and two others to sentence structure. In a more general (or global) ... More

Type Theory for Natural Language Semantics  

Stergios Chatzikyriakidis and Robin Cooper

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
Type theory is a regime for classifying objects (including events) into categories called types. It was originally designed in order to overcome problems relating to the foundations of ... More

Usage-Based Linguistics  

Holger Diessel

Throughout the 20th century, structuralist and generative linguists have argued that the study of the language system (langue, competence) must be separated from the study of language use ... More

Variation in Phonology  

Arto Anttila

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Language is a system that maps meanings to forms, but the mapping is not always one-to-one. Variation means that one meaning corresponds to multiple forms, for example faster ~ more fast. ... More

William Labov  

Matthew J. Gordon

William Labov (b. 1927) is an American linguist who pioneered the study of variationist sociolinguistics. Born and raised in northern New Jersey, Labov studied English and philosophy at ... More

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