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Phonological and Morphological Aspects of Reduplication  

Suzanne Urbanczyk

Published Online:
Mar 2017
Reduplication is a word-formation process in which all or part of a word is repeated to convey some form of meaning. A wide range of patterns are found in terms of both the form and ... More

Phonological Inventories  

Steven Moran

Published Online:
Apr 2019
A phonological inventory is a repertoire of contrastive articulatory or manual gestures shared by a community of users. Whether spoken or signed, all human languages have a phonological ... More

Phonological Templates in Development  

Marilyn May Vihman

Published Online:
Dec 2016
Child phonological templates are idiosyncratic word production patterns. They can be understood as deriving, through generalization of patterning, from the very first words of the child, ... More

Phonological Variation and Change in Italian  

Alessandro Vietti

Published Online:
Feb 2019
The phonology of Italian is subject to considerable variability both at the segmental and at the prosodic level. Changes affect different features of the phonological system such as the ... More

Pitch Accent in Korean  

Chiyuki Ito and Michael J. Kenstowicz

Published Online:
Mar 2017
Typologically, pitch-accent languages stand between stress languages like Spanish and tone languages like Shona, and share properties of both. In a stress language, typically just one ... More

Rendaku or Sequential Voicing in Japanese Phonology  

Timothy J. Vance

Published Online:
Mar 2017
The term rendaku, sometimes translated as sequential voicing, denotes a morphophonemic phenomenon in Japanese. In a prototypical case, an alternating morpheme appears with an initial ... More

Second Language Phonetics  

Ocke-Schwen Bohn

The study of second language phonetics is concerned with three broad and overlapping research areas: the characteristics of second language speech production and perception, the ... More

Segmental Phonology, Phonotactics, and Syllable Structure in the Romance Languages  

Stephan Schmid

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Please check back later for the full article. From ... More

Sign Language Phonology  

Diane Brentari, Jordan Fenlon, and Kearsy Cormier

Published Online:
Jul 2018
Sign language phonology is the abstract grammatical component where primitive structural units are combined to create an infinite number of meaningful utterances. Although the notion of ... More

Speech Perception and Generalization Across Talkers and Accents  

Kodi Weatherholtz and T. Florian Jaeger

Published Online:
Dec 2016
The seeming ease with which we usually understand each other belies the complexity of the processes that underlie speech perception. One of the biggest computational challenges is that ... More

Speech Perception in Phonetics  

Patrice Speeter Beddor

Published Online:
Jan 2017
In their conversational interactions with speakers, listeners aim to understand what a speaker is saying, that is, they aim to arrive at the linguistic message, which is interwoven with ... More

Syntax–Phonology Interface  

Sónia Frota and Marina Vigário

Published Online:
May 2018
The syntax–phonology interface refers to the way syntax and phonology are interconnected. Although syntax and phonology constitute different language domains, it seems undisputed that they ... More

The Tangkic Languages of Australia: Phonology and Morphosyntax of Lardil, Kayardild, and Yukulta  

Erich R. Round

The non–Pama-Nyugan, Tangkic languages were spoken until recently in the southern Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia. The most extensively documented are Lardil, Kayardild, and Yukulta. Their ... More

Templatic Morphology (Clippings, Word-and-Pattern)  

Outi Bat-El

Published Online:
May 2019
This article introduces two phenomena that are studied within the domain of templatic morphology—clippings and word-and-pattern morphology, where the latter is usually associated with ... More

Theoretical Phonology  

Paul de Lacy

Published Online:
Mar 2016
Phonology has both a taxonomic/descriptive and cognitive meaning. In the taxonomic/descriptive context, it refers to speech sound systems. As a cognitive term, it refers to a ... More

Tone  

Bert Remijsen

Published Online:
Aug 2016
When the phonological form of a morpheme—a unit of meaning that cannot be decomposed further into smaller units of meaning—involves a particular melodic pattern as part of its sound shape, ... More

Variation in Phonology  

Arto Anttila

Published Online:
Feb 2018
Language is a system that maps meanings to forms, but the mapping is not always one-to-one. Variation means that one meaning corresponds to multiple forms, for example faster ~ more fast. ... More

Vowel Harmony  

Harry van der Hulst

Published Online:
Jul 2016
The subject of this article is vowel harmony. In its prototypical form, this phenomenon involves agreement between all vowels in a word for some phonological property (such as palatality, ... More

Zero Morphemes  

Eystein Dahl and Antonio Fábregas

Published Online:
Jul 2018
Zero or null morphology refers to morphological units that are devoid of phonological content. Whether such entities should be postulated is one of the most controversial issues in ... More

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