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Iconicity  

Irit Meir and Oksana Tkachman

Iconicity is a relationship of resemblance or similarity between the two aspects of a sign: its form and its meaning. An iconic sign is one whose form resembles its meaning in some way. ... More

Ideophones (Mimetics, Expressives)  

Kimi Akita and Mark Dingemanse

Online publication date:
May 2019
Ideophones, also termed mimetics or expressives, are marked words that depict sensory imagery. They are found in many of the world’s languages, and sizable lexical classes of ideophones ... More

Idioms and Phraseology  

M. Teresa Espinal and Jaume Mateu

Online publication date:
May 2019
Idioms, conceived as fixed multi-word expressions that conceptually encode non-compositional meaning, are linguistic units that raise a number of questions relevant in the study of ... More

Incorporation and Pseudo-Incorporation in Syntax  

Diane Massam

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Noun incorporation (NI) is a grammatical construction where a nominal, usually bearing the semantic role of an object, has been incorporated into a verb to form a complex verb or ... More

Inflectional Morphology  

Gregory Stump

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Inflection is the systematic relation between words’ morphosyntactic content and their morphological form; as such, the phenomenon of inflection raises fundamental questions about the ... More

Innateness of Language  

Yarden Kedar

Online publication date:
Jun 2019
A fundamental question in epistemological philosophy is whether reason may be based on a priori knowledge—that is, knowledge that precedes and which is independent of experience. In modern ... More

Iroquoian Languages  

Karin Michelson

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
The Iroquoian languages are spoken today in New York State, Ontario, Quebec, Wisconsin, North Carolina, and Oklahoma. The languages share a relatively small segment inventory, a ... More

Issues in Neurolinguistic Studies of Morphology  

Robert Fiorentino

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Research in neurolinguistics examines how language is organized and processed in the human brain. The findings from neurolinguistic studies on language can inform our understanding of the ... More

Japanese Linguistics  

Natsuko Tsujimura

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
The rigor and intensity of investigation on Japanese in modern linguistics has been particularly noteworthy over the past 50 years. Not only has the elucidation of the similarities to and ... More

Japanese Psycholinguistics  

Mineharu Nakayama

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The Japanese psycholinguistics research field is moving rapidly in many different directions as it includes various sub-linguistics fields (e.g., phonetics/phonology, syntax, semantics, ... More

Kiowa-Tanoan Languages  

Daniel Harbour

The Kiowa-Tanoan family is a small group of Native American languages of the Plains and pueblo Southwest. It comprises Kiowa, of the eponymous Plains tribe, and the pueblo-based Tanoan ... More

Korean Phonetics and Phonology  

Young-mee Yu Cho

Online publication date:
Oct 2016
Due to a number of unusual and interesting properties, Korean phonetics and phonology have been generating productive discussion within modern linguistic theories, starting from ... More

Korean Syntax  

James Hye Suk Yoon

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
The syntax of Korean is characterized by several signature properties. One signature property is head-finality. Word order variations and restrictions obey head-finality. Korean also ... More

The Kra-Dai Languages  

Yongxian Luo

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
Kra-Dai, also known as Tai–Kadai, Daic, and Kadai, is a family of diverse languages found in southern China, northeast India, and Southeast Asia. The number of these languages is estimated ... More

Language and Linguistics in Medieval Europe  

Deborah Hayden

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
During the period from the fall of the Roman empire in the late 5th century to the beginning of the European Renaissance in the 14th century, the development of linguistic thought in ... More

Language and Linguistics in Pre-Modern China and East Asia  

Lei Zhu

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Traditional Chinese linguistics grew out of two distinct interests in language: the philosophical reflection on things and their names, and the practical concern for literacy education and ... More

Language and Social Hierarchy in West Africa  

Judith T. Irvine

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
In the indigenous sociolinguistic systems of West Africa, an important way of expressing—and creating—social hierarchy in interaction is through intermediaries: third parties, through whom ... More

Language Contact in the Sahara  

Lameen Souag

Online publication date:
Jun 2016
As might be expected from the difficulty of traversing it, the Sahara Desert has been a fairly effective barrier to direct contact between its two edges; trans-Saharan language contact is ... More

The Language of the Economy and Business in the Romance Languages  

Franz Rainer

The expression language of the economy and business refers to an extremely heterogeneous linguistic reality. For some, it denotes all text and talk produced by economic agents in the ... More

Language Revitalization  

Aidan Pine and Mark Turin

The world is home to an extraordinary level of linguistic diversity, with roughly 7,000 languages currently spoken and signed. Yet this diversity is highly unstable and is being rapidly ... More

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