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Mixed Languages  

Felicity Meakins

Published Online:
Jul 2018
Mixed languages are a rare category of contact language which has gone from being an oddity of contact linguistics to the subject of media excitement, at least for one mixed language—Light ... More

Models of Human Sentence Comprehension in Computational Psycholinguistics  

John Hale

Computational models of human sentence comprehension help researchers reason about how grammar might actually be used in the understanding process. Taking a cognitivist approach, this ... More

Morphological and Syntactical Variation and Change in Catalan  

Gemma Rigau and Manuel Pérez Saldanya

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Morphological Change  

Carola Trips

Published Online:
Mar 2017
Morphological change refers to change(s) in the structure of words. Since morphology is interrelated with phonology, syntax, and semantics, changes affecting the structure and properties ... More

Morphological Entities: Overview and General Issues  

Laurie Bauer

Published Online:
Jun 2018
Subject:
Morphology
Some of the basic terminology for the major entities in morphological study is introduced, focusing on the word and elements within the word. This is done in a way which is deliberately ... More

Morphological Units: Words  

Paolo Ramat

Published Online:
May 2019
Subject:
Morphology
This chapter deals with the discussion that has concerned and concerns the very concept of ‘word’. It considers different definitions which have been advanced according different ... More

Morphology and Argument Alternations  

Malka Rappaport Hovav

Published Online:
Jun 2019
Subject:
Morphology
Theories of argument realization typically associate verbs with an argument structure and provide algorithms for the mapping of argument structure to morphosyntactic realization. A major ... More

Morphology and Phonotactics  

Maria Gouskova

Phonotactics is the study of restrictions on possible sound sequences in a language. In any language, some phonotactic constraints can be stated without reference to morphology, but many ... More

Morphology and Pro Drop  

Olaf Koeneman and Hedde Zeijlstra

Published Online:
May 2019
Many, and according to some estimates most, of the world’s languages allow the subject of the sentence to be unexpressed, a phenomenon known as ‘pro(noun) drop’. In a language like ... More

Morphology in Cognitive Linguistics  

Tore Nesset

Published Online:
Apr 2019
Subject:
Morphology
Cognitive linguistics and morphology bear the promise of a happy marriage. Cognitive linguistics provides theoretical concepts and analytical tools for empirical analysis, while morphology ... More

Morphology in Dene-Yeniseian Languages  

Edward Vajda

Dene-Yeniseian is a putative family consisting of two branches: Yeniseian in central Siberia and Na-Dene (Tlingit-Eyak-Athabaskan) in northwestern North America. Yeniseian contains a ... More

Morphology in Niger-Congo Languages  

Denis Creissels

Published Online:
May 2019
This chapter is an overview of the structure of words belonging to the major lexical categories (nouns and verbs) in Niger-Congo languages, with an emphasis on the morphological patterns ... More

The Morphology of Uralic Languages  

Anna Sörés

Subject:
Morphology
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

The Morphology of Yam Languages  

Matthew J. Carroll

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Please check back later for the full article. The ... More

Morpho-Phonological Processes in Korean  

Jongho Jun

Published Online:
Sep 2018
It has been an ongoing issue within generative linguistics how to properly analyze morpho-phonological processes. Morpho-phonological processes typically have exceptions, but nonetheless ... More

Morphosyntax of Dravidian Languages  

R. Amritavalli

Published Online:
May 2017
The Dravidian languages, spoken mainly in southern India and south Asia, were identified as a separate language family between 1816 and 1856. Four of the 26 Dravidian languages, namely ... More

Morphosyntax of Himalayan Languages  

George van Driem

Several language families and a few language isolates are represented in the Himalayas, the world’s greatest massif, running a length of over 3,600 km. The most well-represented language ... More

Multilingualism in Rural Africa  

Pierpaolo Di Carlo, Jeff Good, and Rachel Ojong Diba

Published Online:
Mar 2019
The pervasiveness of multilingualism throughout the African continent has led it to be viewed as Africa’s “lingua franca.” Nevertheless, sociolinguistic research on this topic has ... More

Munda Languages  

Gregory D. S. Anderson

Published Online:
Mar 2017
The Munda language family constitutes the westernmost branch of the widespread Austroasiatic language family. Munda formerly was considered sister to the rest of the phylum, then known as ... More

Muskogean Languages  

Jack B. Martin

The Muskogean languages are a family of languages indigenous to the southeastern United States. Members of the family include Chickasaw, Choctaw, Alabama, Koasati, Apalachee, ... More

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