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Morphology and Pro Drop  

Olaf Koeneman and Hedde Zeijlstra

Online publication date:
May 2019
Many, and according to some estimates most, of the world’s languages allow the subject of the sentence to be unexpressed, a phenomenon known as ‘pro(noun) drop’. In a language like ... More

Morphology in Austronesian Languages  

Theodore Levin and Maria Polinsky

Online publication date:
Nov 2019
This is an overview of the major morphological properties of Austronesian languages. We present and analyze data that may bear on the commonly discussed lexical-category neutrality of ... More

Morphology in Altaic Languages  

Aslı Göksel

Online publication date:
Oct 2019
Subject:
Morphology
The Altaic languages (Turkic, Mongolic, Tungusic) are spread across Eurasia, from Central Asia to the Middle East and the Balkans. The genetic affinity between these subgroups has not been ... More

Morphology in Austroasiatic Languages  

Mark J. Alves

Online publication date:
Nov 2019
The languages of the Austroasiatic (AA) language family share a core set of derivational prefixes and infixes that are largely fossilized. Beyond these, there is a wide range of ... More

Morphology in Cognitive Linguistics  

Tore Nesset

Online publication date:
Apr 2019
Subject:
Morphology
Cognitive linguistics and morphology bear the promise of a happy marriage. Cognitive linguistics provides theoretical concepts and analytical tools for empirical analysis, while morphology ... More

Morphology in Dene-Yeniseian Languages  

Edward Vajda

Online publication date:
May 2019
Dene-Yeniseian is a putative family consisting of two branches: Yeniseian in central Siberia and Na-Dene (Tlingit-Eyak-Athabaskan) in northwestern North America. Yeniseian contains a ... More

Morphology in Dravidian Languages  

R. Amritavalli

Online publication date:
Nov 2019
The Dravidian languages are rich in nominal and verbal morphology. Three nominal gender systems are extant. Pronouns are gender-number marked demonstratives. Gender-number agreement in the ... More

Morphology in Niger-Congo Languages  

Denis Creissels

Online publication date:
May 2019
This chapter is an overview of the structure of words belonging to the major lexical categories (nouns and verbs) in Niger-Congo languages, with an emphasis on the morphological patterns ... More

Morphology in Uralic Languages  

Anna Sőrés and Krisztina Hevér-Joly

Online publication date:
Oct 2019
Subject:
Morphology
Uralic languages are synthetic, agglutinative languages, overwhelmingly suffixing, and they have a rich inflectional morphology in both the nominal and the verbal domain. The Uralic family ... More

Morphology and Lexical Semantics  

Réka Benczes

Online publication date:
Dec 2019
The investigation of morphology and lexical semantics is an investigation into the very essence of the semantics of word formation: the meaning of morphemes and how they can be combined to ... More

The Morphology of Yam Languages  

Matthew J. Carroll

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Please check back later for the full article. The ... More

Morpho-Phonological Processes in Korean  

Jongho Jun

Online publication date:
Sep 2018
It has been an ongoing issue within generative linguistics how to properly analyze morpho-phonological processes. Morpho-phonological processes typically have exceptions, but nonetheless ... More

Morphosyntax of Dravidian Languages  

R. Amritavalli

Online publication date:
May 2017
The Dravidian languages, spoken mainly in southern India and south Asia, were identified as a separate language family between 1816 and 1856. Four of the 26 Dravidian languages, namely ... More

Morphosyntax of Himalayan Languages  

George van Driem

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Several language families and a few language isolates are represented in the Himalayas, the world’s greatest massif, running a length of over 3,600 km. The most well-represented language ... More

The Motor Theory of Speech Perception  

D. H. Whalen

Online publication date:
Aug 2019
The Motor Theory of Speech Perception is a proposed explanation of the fundamental relationship between the way speech is produced and the way it is perceived. Associated primarily with ... More

Multilingualism in Rural Africa  

Pierpaolo Di Carlo, Jeff Good, and Rachel Ojong Diba

Online publication date:
Mar 2019
The pervasiveness of multilingualism throughout the African continent has led it to be viewed as Africa’s “lingua franca.” Nevertheless, sociolinguistic research on this topic has ... More

Multi-Word Expressions and Morphology  

Francesca Masini

Online publication date:
Sep 2019
Subject:
Morphology
Multi-word expressions are linguistic objects formed by two or more words that behave like a ‘unit’ by displaying formal and/or functional idiosyncratic properties with respect to free ... More

Munda Languages  

Gregory D. S. Anderson

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The Munda language family constitutes the westernmost branch of the widespread Austroasiatic language family. Munda formerly was considered sister to the rest of the phylum, then known as ... More

Muskogean Languages  

Jack B. Martin

Online publication date:
May 2017
The Muskogean languages are a family of languages indigenous to the southeastern United States. Members of the family include Chickasaw, Choctaw, Alabama, Koasati, Apalachee, ... More

Natural Language Ontology  

Friederike Moltmann

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Subject:
Semantics
Natural language ontology is a branch of both metaphysics and linguistic semantics. Its aim is to uncover the ontological categories, notions, and structures that are implicit in the use ... More

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