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Abstract Nouns in the Romance Languages  

Philipp Burdy

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

Accent in Japanese Phonology  

Haruo Kubozono

Published Online:
Mar 2017
The word accent system of Tokyo Japanese might look quite complex with a number of accent patterns and rules. However, recent research has shown that it is not as complex as has been ... More

Acceptability Judgments  

James Myers

Published Online:
Sep 2017
Acceptability judgments are reports of a speaker’s or signer’s subjective sense of the well-formedness, nativeness, or naturalness of (novel) linguistic forms. Their value comes in ... More

The Acquisition of Color Words  

Katie Wagner and David Barner

Published Online:
Mar 2017
Human experience of color results from a complex interplay of perceptual and linguistic systems. At the lowest level of perception, the human visual system transforms the visible light ... More

Acquisition of Pragmatics  

Myrto Grigoroglou and Anna Papafragou

Published Online:
Nov 2017
To become competent communicators, children need to learn that what a speaker means often goes beyond the literal meaning of what the speaker says. The acquisition of pragmatics as a field ... More

Adjectivalization in Morphology  

Petra Sleeman

Published Online:
May 2019
Subject:
Morphology
Adjectivalization is the derivation of adjectives from a verb, a noun, an adjective, and occasionally from other parts of speech or from phrases. Cross-linguistically, adjectivalization ... More

African Englishes From a Sociolinguistic Perspective  

Rajend Mesthrie

Four types of English exist in Africa, identifiable in terms of history, functions, and linguistic characteristics. West African Pidgin English has a history going back to the 15th ... More

African (Urban) Youth Languages  

Ellen Hurst

Published Online:
Mar 2017
A growing phenomena in urban centers on the African continent in the latter half of the 20th century and start of the 21st century has been what have been described as Urban Youth ... More

Afroasiatic Languages  

Zygmunt Frajzyngier

Published Online:
May 2018
Afroasiatic languages are the fourth largest linguistic phylum, spoken by some 350 million people in North, West, Central, and East Africa, in the Middle East, and in scattered communities ... More

Altaic Languages  

George Starostin

“Altaic” is a common term applied by linguists to a number of language families, spread across Central Asia and the Far East and sharing a large, most likely non-coincidental, number of ... More

American Structuralism  

Margaret Thomas

Published Online:
Mar 2019
American structuralism is a label attached to a heterogeneous but distinctive style of language scholarship practiced in the United States, the heyday of which extended from ... More

Anaphora in Dravidian  

K. A. Jayaseelan

Published Online:
Mar 2017
The Dravidian languages have a long-distance reflexive anaphor taan . (It is taan in Tamil and Malayalam, taanu in Kannada and tanu in Telugu.) As is the case with ... More

Aphasia from a Neurolinguistic Perspective  

Susan Edwards and Christos Salis

Published Online:
Aug 2016
Aphasia is an acquired language disorder subsequent to brain damage in the left hemisphere. It is characterized by diminished abilities to produce and understand both spoken and written ... More

Argument Realization and Case in Japanese  

Hideki Kishimoto

Published Online:
Mar 2017
Japanese is a language where the grammatical status of arguments and adjuncts is marked exclusively by postnominal case markers, and various argument realization patterns can be assessed ... More

Argument Realization in Syntax  

Malka Rappaport Hovav

Published Online:
Mar 2017
Words are sensitive to syntactic context. Argument realization is the study of the relation between argument-taking words, the syntactic contexts they appear in and the interpretive ... More

Argument Structure and Morphology  

Jim Wood and Neil Myler

Published Online:
Jul 2019
The topic “argument structure and morphology” refers to the interaction between the number and nature of the arguments taken by a given predicate on the one hand, and the morphological ... More

Articulatory Phonetics  

Marie K. Huffman

Published Online:
May 2016
Articulatory phonetics is concerned with the physical mechanisms involved in producing spoken language. A fundamental goal of articulatory phonetics is to relate linguistic representations ... More

Artificial Languages  

Alan Reed Libert

Artificial languages—languages which have been consciously designed—have been created for more than 900 years, although the number of them has increased considerably in recent decades, and ... More

Autosegmental Phonology  

William R. Leben

Published Online:
Sep 2018
Autosegments were introduced by John Goldsmith in his 1976 M.I.T. dissertation to represent tone and other suprasegmental phenomena. Goldsmith’s intuition, embodied in the term he created, ... More

Bare Nominals  

Bert Le Bruyn, Henriëtte de Swart, and Joost Zwarts

Published Online:
May 2017
Bare nominals (also called “bare nouns”) are nominal structures without an overt article or other determiner. The distinction between a bare noun and a noun that is part of a larger ... More

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